Spiritual well-being may buffer psychological distress in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD)
AuthorsSalmoirago Blotcher, Elena
Crawford, Sybil L.
Goldberg, Robert J.
Rosenthal, Lawrence S.
Ockene, Ira S.
Student AuthorsChau Tran
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Quantitative Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
School of Medicine
Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Psychological Phenomena and Processes
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AbstractPsychological distress is common in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and has been associated with a worse prognosis. The authors examined whether spiritual well-being is associated with reduced psychological distress in patients with ICDs. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Wellbeing (FACIT-SWB) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to measure spiritual well-being and overall psychological distress. Multivariate linear regression was used to explore the relationship between these variables. The study sample included 46 ICD outpatients (32 M, 14 F; age range 43-83). An inverse association between HADS and FACIT-SWB scores was found, persisting after adjustment for demographics, anxiety/depression, medications, therapist support, and functional status (F = 0.001; β= -0.31, CI: -0.44, -0.19). In conclusion, spiritual well-being was independently associated with lower psychological distress in ICD outpatients. Spiritual well-being could act as a protective factor against psychological distress in these high-risk patients.
SourceJ Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2012 Oct 1;17(3):148-154. doi:10.1177/2156587212447627. Link to article on publisher's website
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/26401
Related ResourcesLink to article in PubMed
RightsIn accordance with SAGE's copyright and permission policies (http://www.sagepub.com/journalgateway/permissions.htm), this is the version of the article that the authors submitted to the Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.