An Evaluation of a Multidisciplinary Pediatric Behavioral Health Medication Initiative Workgroup's Interventions on Medication Prescribing in a Population of Medicaid Patients
AuthorsChiara, Ashley N.
Pomfret, Thomas C.
Lenz, Kimberly J.
Faber, Donna M.
Clements, Karen M.
Jeffrey, Paul L.
UMass Chan AffiliationsCommonwealth Medicine, Center for Health Policy and Research
Commonwealth Medicine, Clinical Pharmacy Services
Document TypeJournal Article
Health Law and Policy
Health Services Administration
Health Services Research
Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: In response to concerns surrounding pediatric behavioral health medication prescribing, the Massachusetts Medicaid Pharmacy Program implemented a Pediatric Behavioral Health Medication Initiative (PBHMI), proactively requiring prior authorization for specific behavioral health medications and combination regimens. A multidisciplinary therapeutic class management (TCM) workgroup retrospectively reviews complex cases and conducts prescriber outreach to encourage evidence-based practices in Massachusetts. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recommendation outcomes of telephonic peer-to-peer consultations conducted by the PBHMI TCM workgroup by assessing the percentage of accepted, modified accepted, or rejected recommendations, as well as prescriber satisfaction with consultation. METHODS: This retrospective evaluation reviewed PBHMI TCM workgroup cases with completed peer-to-peer consultations from September 1, 2015, to August 28, 2016. The proportion of medication interventions (e.g., medication changes, dose reductions, and elimination of polypharmacy within or across behavioral health medication classes) accepted, modified accepted, or rejected were assessed based on pharmacy claims data and prior authorization resubmission, following a peer-to-peer consultation. The medication class and prescriber type were categorized in relation to the acceptance, modified acceptance, or rejection outcomes. Satisfaction with the TCM workgroup process was evaluated with an anonymous survey offered to prescribers who participated in prescriber outreach. RESULTS: A total of 70 cases requiring a peer-to-peer consultation by a TCM workgroup child/adolescent psychiatrist had a completed outreach attempt during the evaluation period. Peer-to-peer consultations resulted in a recommendation acceptance rate of 31.4% (22/70), modified acceptance rate of 44.3% (31/70), and a rejection rate of 24.3% (17/70). Recommendations made during a peer-to-peer consultation were rejected by 30% (12/40) of child/adolescent psychiatrists compared with 16.7% (5/30) of nonchild/adolescent psychiatrists with completed peer-to-peer consultations (P = 0.43). Antipsychotics were most frequently recommended for regimen changes. All recommendations pertaining to a benzodiazepine were accepted by the prescriber. Results of an anonymous prescriber survey assessing satisfaction with the peer-to-peer consultation process exhibited variable responses among individual prescribers. CONCLUSIONS: The small sample size in this observational evaluation and lack of a defined control group prevented direct associations between the endpoints and outcomes. Further research is required to determine if prescriber specialty and medication class may be influencing factors on recommendation acceptance. DISCLOSURES: No outside funding supported this study. The authors have nothing to disclose. A poster of this project was presented at the AMCP Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy Annual Meeting 2017; March 27-30, 2017; in Denver, CO.
J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2018 Aug;24(8):746-751. doi: 10.18553/jmcp.2018.24.8.746. Link to article on publisher's website
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/26976
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Policy Brief: Addressing Social Determinants of Health through Community Health Workers: A Call to ActionLondon, Katharine; Damio, Grace; Ferrazo, Meredith; Perez-Escamalla, Rafael; Wiggins, Noelle (2018-01-30)This technical report was compiled by the Hispanic Health Council in partnership with Southwestern AHEC and a panel of Community Health Worker Policy Research Experts which included our Katharine London from the Center for Health Law and Economics. The report offers a number of policy recommendations for community health workers for communities that might benefit from community-based services. The report offers recommendations on; payment of community health workers; community health worker caseloads; community health worker recruitment; community health worker training; reflective and trauma-informed mentoring and supportive supervision of community health workers; integration of community health workers into care teams; documenting the effect of community heal worker services on social determination of health. The Hispanic Health Council believes a service design that effectively supports community health workers would incorporate the seven areas of policy recommendation included in this report.
A Public Health Framework for the State Mental Health Authority: A Call for Action by Massachusetts Consumers and Family MembersDelman, Jonathan (2006-01-01)During the Spring of 2006, Consumer Quality Initiatives (CQI) conducted 20 focus groups across the state, 12 with adults with mental illness, 3 with parents of youth with serious emotional disorder, 2 with youth with SED, 1 with family members of adult consumers, and 2 with youth in transition. Supported by a contract with Massachusetts Department of Mental Health (DMH), the goal was to assist DMH in framing the criteria for its upcoming reprocurement. Our findings reveal a frustration with an approach to health care delivery that focuses primarily on the provision of psychiatric care (egs, medication, therapy, hospitalization). We reviewed the focus group reports to identify the most significant themes, which clustered within eight broad categories.
Making the Case for Sustainable Funding for Community Health Worker Services: Talking to Payers and ProvidersLondon, Katharine (2018-01-27)In this presentation, Katharine London of the Center for Health Law and Economics makes her case for offering sustainable funding for community health worker services. Research has shown community health workers can have a distinct impact on health systems, helping them improve population health and contain costs, while also promoting health equity and community engagement. This presentation was designed to assist CHWs and other advocates in engaging with policymakers and payers to support CHW sustainability and develop a financial plan for their CHW work. It was presented as part of a CHW Sustainability event held at the Families USA’s annual conference, Health Action 2018: Staying Strong for America’s Families, in Washington, DC. See Katharine London's blog post on payment delivery methods for community health workers here.