Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients With Right Bundle Branch Block on Presentation
AuthorsChan, William K.
Goodman, Shaun G.
Fox, Keith A. A.
Gale, Chris P.
Chew, Derek P.
Udell, Jacob A.
Yan, Raymond T.
Singh, Sheldon M.
Yan, Andrew T.
ACS I and GRACE Investigators
UMass Chan AffiliationsCenter for Outcomes Research
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AbstractWe examined the relations between right bundle branch block (RBBB) and clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes among a broad spectrum of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Admission electrocardiograms of patients enrolled in the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) electrocardiogram substudy and the Canadian ACS Registry I were analyzed independently at a blinded core laboratory. We performed multivariable logistic regression analysis to assess the independent prognostic significance of admission RBBB on in-hospital and 6-month mortality. Of 11,830 eligible patients with ACS (mean age 65; 66% non-ST-elevation ACS), 5% had RBBB. RBBB on admission was associated with older age, male sex, more cardiovascular risk factors, worse Killip class, and higher GRACE risk score (all p < 0.01). Patients with RBBB less frequently received in-hospital cardiac catheterization, coronary revascularization, or reperfusion therapy (all p < 0.05). The RBBB group had higher unadjusted in-hospital (8.8% vs 3.8%, p < 0.001) and 6-month mortality rates (15.1% vs 7.6%, p < 0.001). After adjusting for established prognostic factors in the GRACE risk score, RBBB was a significant independent predictor of in-hospital death (odds ratio 1.45, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.07, p = 0.039), but not cumulative 6-month mortality (odds ratio 1.29, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.74, p = 0.098). There was no significant interaction between RBBB and the type of ACS for either in-hospital or 6-month mortality (both p > 0.50). In conclusion, across a spectrum of ACS, RBBB was associated with preexisting cardiovascular disease, high-risk clinical features, fewer cardiac interventions, and worse unadjusted outcomes. After adjusting for components of the GRACE risk score, RBBB was a significant independent predictor of early mortality.
SourceChan WK, Goodman SG, Brieger D, Fox KA, Gale CP, Chew DP, Udell JA, Lopez-Sendon J, Huynh T, Yan RT, Singh SM, Yan AT; ACS I and GRACE Investigators. Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients With Right Bundle Branch Block on Presentation. Am J Cardiol. 2016 Mar 1;117(5):754-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.12.005. Epub 2015 Dec 12. PubMed PMID: 26762726. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/27195
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