The C terminus of cardiac troponin I stabilizes the Ca2+-activated state of tropomyosin on actin filaments
Craig, Roger W.
Murphy, Anne M.
Van Eyk, Jennifer E.
Wang, C. L. Albert
Foster, D. Brian
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Cell Biology
Protein Structure, Tertiary
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractRATIONALE: Ca(2+) control of troponin-tropomyosin position on actin regulates cardiac muscle contraction. The inhibitory subunit of troponin, cardiac troponin (cTn)I is primarily responsible for maintaining a tropomyosin conformation that prevents crossbridge cycling. Despite extensive characterization of cTnI, the precise role of its C-terminal domain (residues 193 to 210) is unclear. Mutations within this region are associated with restrictive cardiomyopathy, and C-terminal deletion of cTnI, in some species, has been associated with myocardial stunning. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect of a cTnI deletion-removal of 17 amino acids from the C terminus- on the structure of troponin-regulated tropomyosin bound to actin. METHODS AND RESULTS: A truncated form of human cTnI (cTnI(1-192)) was expressed and reconstituted with troponin C and troponin T to form a mutant troponin. Using electron microscopy and 3D image reconstruction, we show that the mutant troponin perturbs the positional equilibrium dynamics of tropomyosin in the presence of Ca(2+). Specifically, it biases tropomyosin position toward an "enhanced C-state" that exposes more of the myosin-binding site on actin than found with wild-type troponin. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to its well-established role of promoting the so-called "blocked-state" or "B-state," cTnI participates in proper stabilization of tropomyosin in the "Ca(2+)-activated state" or "C-state." The last 17 amino acids perform this stabilizing role. The data are consistent with a "fly-casting" model in which the mobile C terminus of cTnI ensures proper conformational switching of troponin-tropomyosin. Loss of actin-sensing function within this domain, by pathological proteolysis or cardiomyopathic mutation, may be sufficient to perturb tropomyosin conformation.
SourceCirc Res. 2010 Mar 5;106(4):705-11. Epub 2009 Dec 24. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/27657
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed