Advancing Stage of Female Reproductive Life Associated with Bipolar Illness Exacerbation
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AbstractIntroduction: Perimenopause confers an increased risk of depression in the general population, yet bipolar disorder mood course remains unknown. Methods: Clinic visits in 519 premenopausal, 116 perimenopausal including 13 women transitioning from peri- to postmenopause, and 133 postmenopausal women with bipolar disorder who received naturalistic treatment in the multisite STEP-Bipolar Disorder study over 19.8 +/- 15.5 months were analyzed for mood state. Results: Advancing female reproductive stage was associated with significant decline in mood elevation; significant decline in euthymia; no significant difference in major depression; and symptomatic significant increase. Conclusions: Advancing stage of female reproductive life was associated with bipolar illness exacerbation. Women transitioning from peri- to postmenopause had significantly greater depression than other female reproductive groups.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/27700
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