Haokip, Dominic T.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
DNA damage response
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Enzymes and Coenzymes
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe G2/M checkpoint is activated on DNA damage by the ATM and ATR kinases that are regulated by post-translational modifications. In this paper, the transcriptional co-regulation of ATM and ATR by SMARCAL1 and BRG1, both members of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling protein family, is described. SMARCAL1 and BRG1 co-localize on the promoters of ATM and ATR; downregulation of SMARCAL1/BRG1 results in transcriptional repression of ATM/ATR and therefore, overriding of the G2/M checkpoint leading to mitotic abnormalities. On doxorubicin-induced DNA damage, SMARCAL1 and BRG1 are upregulated and in turn, upregulate the expression of ATM/ATR. Phosphorylation of ATM/ATR is needed for the transcriptional upregulation of SMARCAL1 and BRG1, and therefore, of ATM and ATR on DNA damage. The regulation of ATM/ATR is rendered non-functional if SMARCAL1 and/or BRG1 are absent or if the two proteins are mutated such that they are unable to hydrolyze ATP, as in for example in Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia and Coffin-Siris Syndrome. Thus, an intricate transcriptional regulation of DNA damage response genes mediated by SMARCAL1 and BRG1 is present in mammalian cells.
bioRxiv 261610; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/261610. Link to preprint on bioRxiv service.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/29316
RightsThe copyright holder for this preprint (which was not peer-reviewed) is the author/funder. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as The copyright holder for this preprint (which was not peer-reviewed) is the author/funder. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.