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dc.contributor.authorDiFranza, Joseph R.
dc.contributor.authorWellman, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorSavageau, Judith A.
dc.contributor.authorBeccia, Ariel
dc.contributor.authorUrsprung, W. W. Sanouri A.
dc.contributor.authorMcMillen, Robert
dc.date2022-08-11T08:08:35.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T16:00:33Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T16:00:33Z
dc.date.issued2013-01-01
dc.date.submitted2012-12-20
dc.identifier.citation<p>Joseph R. DiFranza, Robert J. Wellman, Judith A. Savageau, Ariel Beccia, W. W. Sanouri A. Ursprung, and Robert McMillen, “What Aspect of Dependence Does the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence Measure?,” ISRN Addiction, vol. 2013, Article ID 906276, 8 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/906276. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/906276" target="_blank">Link to article on publisher's website</a></p>
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2013/906276
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/30909
dc.description.abstractAlthough the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) are widely used, there is a uncertainty regarding what is measured by these scales. We examined associations between these instruments and items assessing different aspects of dependence. Adult current smokers ( , mean age 33.3 years, 61.9% female) completed a web-based survey comprised of items related to demographics and smoking behavior plus (1) the FTND and HSI; (2) the Autonomy over Tobacco Scale (AUTOS) with subscales measuring Withdrawal, Psychological Dependence, and Cue-Induced Cravings; (3) 6 questions tapping smokers’ wanting, craving, or needing experiences in response to withdrawal and the latency to each experience during abstinence; (4) 3 items concerning how smokers prepare to cope with periods of abstinence. In regression analyses the Withdrawal subscale of the AUTOS was the strongest predictor of FTND and HSI scores, followed by taking precautions not to run out of cigarettes or smoking extra to prepare for abstinence. The FTND and its six items, including the HSI, consistently showed the strongest correlations with withdrawal, suggesting that the behaviors described by the items of the FTND are primarily indicative of a difficulty maintaining abstinence because of withdrawal symptoms.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rights<p>Copyright © 2013 Joseph R. DiFranza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.</p>
dc.subjectTobacco Use Disorder
dc.subjectPsychometrics
dc.subjectCommunity Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subjectSubstance Abuse and Addiction
dc.titleWhat Aspect of Dependence Does the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence Measure?
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleISRN Addiction
dc.source.volume2013
dc.source.issue906276
dc.identifier.legacyfulltexthttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1233&amp;context=fmch_articles&amp;unstamped=1
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/fmch_articles/234
dc.identifier.contextkey3553191
refterms.dateFOA2022-08-23T16:00:33Z
html.description.abstract<p>Although the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) are widely used, there is a uncertainty regarding what is measured by these scales. We examined associations between these instruments and items assessing different aspects of dependence. Adult current smokers ( , mean age 33.3 years, 61.9% female) completed a web-based survey comprised of items related to demographics and smoking behavior plus (1) the FTND and HSI; (2) the Autonomy over Tobacco Scale (AUTOS) with subscales measuring Withdrawal, Psychological Dependence, and Cue-Induced Cravings; (3) 6 questions tapping smokers’ wanting, craving, or needing experiences in response to withdrawal and the latency to each experience during abstinence; (4) 3 items concerning how smokers prepare to cope with periods of abstinence. In regression analyses the Withdrawal subscale of the AUTOS was the strongest predictor of FTND and HSI scores, followed by taking precautions not to run out of cigarettes or smoking extra to prepare for abstinence. The FTND and its six items, including the HSI, consistently showed the strongest correlations with withdrawal, suggesting that the behaviors described by the items of the FTND are primarily indicative of a difficulty maintaining abstinence because of withdrawal symptoms.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathfmch_articles/234
dc.contributor.departmentCenter for Health Policy and Research
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Family Medicine and Community Health


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