AuthorsBelew, Micah Y.
Faculty AdvisorAlexandra Byrne
UMass Chan AffiliationsNeurobiology
Document TypeDoctoral Dissertation
functional axon regeneration
Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractHow do organisms attain the capacity to regenerate a structure, entire body, or not to regenerate? These are fundamental questions in biology for understanding how replicative systems are evolved to renew, age, and/or die. One outstanding question in regenerative biology that attracts attention is how and why the human central nervous system fails to regenerate after injury. Nervous system injuries are characterized by axonal damage and loss of synaptic function that contribute to debilitating neuronal dysfunctions. Although the molecular underpinnings of axon regeneration are well characterized, very little is known about how and what molecular pathways modulate reformation of synapses within regenerating axons to restore function. Thus, understanding the fundamental molecular and genetic mechanisms of functional axon regeneration (FAR), restoration of both axon and synapse, for the functional recovery of the nervous system remains elusive. In Chapter I, I outline the biology of regeneration and provide evolutionary perspectives of this phenomenon. Then, I provide clinical perspectives of central nervous system regeneration and therapeutic innovations. I next introduce the regulators of axon regeneration and how C. elegans as a genetic system allows detailed characterization of axon regeneration. In Chapter II, using C. elegans as a platform, I show how axon regeneration and synaptic reformation are controlled by distinct genetic pathways. I show how Poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) pathway modulates functional restoration by regulating divergent genetic pathways leading to axon regeneration and synapse restoration. Finally, in Chapter III, I summarize the model of axon regeneration, evolutionary perspectives, and epistemic limitations of C. elegans axon regeneration.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/31276
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