Yeast Upf1 Associates With RibosomesTranslating mRNA Coding Sequences Upstream of Normal Termination Codons: A Dissertation
AuthorsMin, Ei Ei
Faculty AdvisorAllan Jacobson, PhD
Academic ProgramInterdisciplinary Graduate Program
UMass Chan AffiliationsMicrobiology and Physiological Systems
Document TypeDoctoral Dissertation
Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay
Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay
Genetics and Genomics
Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractNonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) specifically targets mRNAs with premature translation termination codons for rapid degradation. NMD is a highly conserved translation-dependent mRNA decay pathway, and its core Upf factors are thought to be recruited to prematurely terminating mRNP complexes, possibly through the release factors that orchestrate translation termination. Upf1 is the central regulator of NMD and recent studies have challenged the notion that this protein is specifically targeted to aberrant, nonsense-containing mRNAs. Rather, it has been proposed that Upf1 binds to most mRNAs in a translation-independent manner. In this thesis, I investigated the nature of Upf1 association with its substrates in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using biochemical and genetic approaches, the basis for Upf1 interaction with ribosomes was evaluated to determine the specificity of Upf1 association with ribosomes, and the extent to which such binding is dependent on prior association of Upf1’s interacting partners. I discovered that Upf1 is specifically associated with Rps26 of the 40S ribosomal subunit, and that this association requires the N-terminal Upf1 CH domain. In addition, using selective ribosome profiling, I investigated when during translation Upf1 associates with ribosomes and showed that Upf1 binding was not limited to polyribosomes that were engaged in translating NMD substrate mRNAs. Rather, Upf1 associated with translating ribosomes on most mRNAs, binding preferentially as ribosomes approached the 3’ ends of open reading frames. Collectively, these studies provide new mechanistic insights into NMD and the dynamics of Upf1 during translation.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/32146
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Mechanism of premature translation termination on a sense codonSvidritskiy, Egor; Demo, Garbriel; Korostelev, Andrei A. (2018-06-25)Accurate translation termination by release factors (RFs) is critical for the integrity of cellular proteomes. Premature termination on sense codons, for example, results in truncated proteins, whose accumulation could be detrimental to the cell. Nevertheless, some sense codons are prone to triggering premature termination, but the structural basis for this is unclear. To investigate premature termination, we determined a cryo-EM structure of the Escherichia coli 70S ribosome bound with RF1 in response to a UAU (Tyr) sense codon. The structure reveals that RF1 recognizes a UAU codon similarly to a UAG stop codon, suggesting that sense codons induce premature termination because they structurally mimic a stop codon. Hydrophobic interaction between the nucleobase of U3 (the third position of the UAU codon) and conserved Ile 196 in RF1 is important for misreading the UAU codon. Analyses of RNA binding in ribonucleoprotein complexes or by amino acids reveal that Ile-U packing is a frequent protein-RNA binding motif with key functional implications. We discuss parallels with eukaryotic translation termination by the release factor eRF1.
Poly(A)-Binding Protein Regulates the Efficiency of Translation TerminationWu, Chan; Roy, Bijoyita; He, Feng; Yan, Kevin; Jacobson, Allan (2020-11-17)Multiple factors influence translation termination efficiency, including nonsense codon identity and immediate context. To determine whether the relative position of a nonsense codon within an open reading frame (ORF) influences termination efficiency, we quantitate the production of prematurely terminated and/or readthrough polypeptides from 26 nonsense alleles of 3 genes expressed in yeast. The accumulation of premature termination products and the extent of readthrough for the respective premature termination codons (PTCs) manifest a marked dependence on PTC proximity to the mRNA 3' end. Premature termination products increase in relative abundance, whereas readthrough efficiencies decrease progressively across different ORFs, and readthrough efficiencies for a PTC increase in response to 3' UTR lengthening. These effects are eliminated and overall translation termination efficiency decreases considerably in cells harboring pab1 mutations. Our results support a critical role for poly(A)-binding protein in the regulation of translation termination and also suggest that inefficient termination is a trigger for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).