UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
KeywordsAdipose Tissue; Animals; Anions; Antiporters; CHO Cells; Carrier Proteins; Cricetinae; Diabetes Mellitus; Erythrocyte Membrane; Fungal Proteins; Genes, Fungal; Glucose; Hexoses; Humans; Insulin; Islets of Langerhans; Membrane Proteins; Models, Biological; Models, Molecular; Monosaccharide Transport Proteins; Muscle Proteins; Muscles; Nucleoside Transport Proteins; Nucleosides; Protein Conformation; Rats; Recombinant Proteins; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Species Specificity; Structure-Activity Relationship
Medicine and Health Sciences
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AbstractThe past year has seen a flurry of activity in the area of protein-mediated hexose uniport. Topics of interest covered here include: structure-function studies; the interaction of glucose carriers with glycolytic enzymes; regulation of cell surface glucose-carrier concentrations by insulin and the signalling mechanisms involved; and the role of the glucose-carrier isoform, GLUT2, in pancreatic beta-cell glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Nucleoside uniport and Glu-Asp antiport are also discussed briefly.
SourceCurr Opin Cell Biol. 1991 Aug;3(4):702-9.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/33736
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Dynamic Regulation at the Neuronal Plasma Membrane: Novel Endocytic Mechanisms Control Anesthetic-Activated Potassium Channels and Amphetamine-Sensitive Dopamine Transporters: A DissertationGabriel, Luke R. (2013-06-13)Endocytic trafficking dynamically regulates neuronal plasma membrane protein presentation and activity, and plays a central role in excitability and plasticity. Over the course of my dissertation research I investigated endocytic mechanisms regulating two neuronal membrane proteins: the anesthetic-activated potassium leak channel, KCNK3, as well as the psychostimulant-sensitive dopamine transporter (DAT). My results indicate that KCNK3 internalizes in response to Protein Kinase C (PKC) activation, using a novel pathway that requires the phosphoserine binding protein, 14-3-3β, and demonstrates for the first time regulated KCNK3 channel trafficking in neurons. Additionally, PKC-mediated KCNK3 trafficking requires a non-canonical endocytic motif, which is shared exclusively between KCNK3 and sodium-dependent neurotransmitter transporters, such as DAT. DAT trafficking studies in intact ex vivo adult striatal slices indicate that DAT endocytic trafficking has both dynamin-dependent and –independent components. Moreover, DAT segregates into two populations at the neuronal plasma membrane: trafficking-competent and -incompetent. Taken together, these results demonstrate that novel, non-classical endocytic mechanisms dynamically control the plasma membrane presentation of these two important neuronal proteins.
Role of the Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in p21ras desensitizationKlarlund, Jes K.; Cherniack, Andrew D.; McMahon, Martin; Czech, Michael P. (1996-07-12)Desensitization of p21(ras) after stimulation of cells by growth factors and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) correlates with hyperphosphorylation of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Son-of-sevenless (Sos) and its dissociation from the adaptor protein Grb2 (Cherniack, A., Klarlund, J. K., Conway, B. R., and Czech, M. P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 1485-1488). To test the role of the Raf/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway, we utilized cells expressing a chimera composed of the catalytic domain of p74Raf-1 and the hormone binding domain of the estradiol receptor (DeltaRaf-1:ER). Estradiol markedly stimulated DeltaRaf-1:ER and the downstream MEK and MAP kinases in these cells as well as Sos phosphorylation. However, the dissociation of Grb2 from Sos observed in response to PMA was not apparent upon DeltaRaf-1:ER activation. Furthermore, stimulation of DeltaRaf-1:ER did not impair GTP loading of p21(ras) in response to platelet-derived growth factor or epidermal growth factor. We conclude that activation of the Raf/MAP kinase pathway alone in these cells is insufficient to cause disassembly of Sos from Grb2 or to interrupt the ability of Sos to catalyze activation of p21(ras).
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