Intracellular accumulation of a 46 kDa species of mouse prion protein as a result of loss of glycosylation in cultured mammalian cells
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Laboratory of Nucleic Acid Vaccines, Department of Medicine
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AbstractPrion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the accumulation of an abnormal isoform (PrPSc) of the normal cellular prion protein (PrPC) in the brain. Reportedly, abnormal N-linked glycosylation patterns in PrPC are associated with disease susceptibility; thus, we compared the glycosylation status of normal and several mutant forms of the murine prion protein (MuPrP) in cultured mammalian cells. Substitution of the N-terminal signal sequence of normal MuPrP with a heterologous signal peptide did not alter glycosylation. When expressed without the C-terminal glycophosphatidylinositol anchor signal, the majority of MuPrP remained intracellular and unglycosylated, and a 46 kDa species (p46) of the unglycosylated PrPC was detected on reducing gels. p46 was also observed when wild-type MuPrP was expressed in the presence of tunicamycin or enzymatically deglycosylated in vitro. A rabbit polyclonal anti-serum raised against dimeric MuPrP cross-reacted with p46 and localized the signal within the Golgi apparatus. We propose that the 46 kDa signal is a dimeric form of MuPrP and in the light of recent studies, it can be argued that a relatively stable, non-glycosylated, cytoplasmic PrPC dimer, produced as a result of compromised glycosylation is an intermediate in initiating conversion of PrPC to PrPSc in sporadic transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Oct 13;349(1):153-61. Epub 2006 Aug 14. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/36507