UMass Chan AffiliationsMedical School Library
KeywordsSubstance Use Disorder
Recovery High School
Teens and Substance Use Disorder
high school and subtance use disorder
heredity and substance use disorder
heredity and addiction
Library and Information Science
Medicine and Health Sciences
Social and Behavioral Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractJoin the NNLM NER for a special webinar that explores the many facets of substance use disorder in teens through a candid interview about Substance Use Disorder with a Worcester, Massachusetts Recovery High School student, her father, and her grandmother. Three generations of this family have been affected by addiction. Hear in their own words as they share their family’s story of addiction. Worcester Recovery High School Clinician Alyssa Richard-Figueroa, Principal Mary Ellen McGorry and UMass Internal Medicine Physician Dr. Margret Chang share their expertise and commentary as we learn from this family about how early exposure to addictive substances, genetic predisposition, trauma, peer pressure, and mental health contribute to the complicated disease of substance use disorder. Learning Objectives: Become familiar with the resources for Substance Use Disorder NLM and partner organizations offer such as MedlinePlus, Drug Information Portal and Pillbox. Learn what a Recovery High School is. Identify the root causes of addiction. Explain the roles of genetic predisposition and choice in the disease of addiction Understand how public schools can be where teens first obtain addictive substances and develop a substance use disorder. Formulate a plan to address peer pressure and addictive substance use. Learn how to provide support and resources to students using addictive substances in public school settings. Recognize how to be more effective in the prevention and treatment of addiction as a parent, healthcare provider, librarian, educator, first responder and law enforcement professional when engaging with someone with a substance use disorder.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/37551
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Dual diagnosis in primary care. Detecting and treating both the addiction and mental illnessZiedonis, Douglas M.; Brady, Kathleen (1997-07-01)The initial phase of treatment includes engaging the patient in a discussion about the doctor's concerns and providing patients with information about the problems as well as the possibility of change. Treatment of dual disorders often requires a heightened awareness of the consequences of the problem and the development of a realistic plan for change. The treatment plan must attempt to evaluate and treat the addiction and the psychiatric and medical illnesses.
ADHD with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder: discrete or nondistinct disruptive behavior disordersConnor, Daniel F.; Doerfler, Leonard A. (2008-09-01)OBJECTIVE: In children with ADHD who have comorbid disruptive behavior diagnoses distinctions between oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) remain unclear. The authors investigate differences between ODD and CD in a large clinical sample of children with ADHD. METHOD: Consecutively referred and systematically assessed male children and adolescents with either ADHD (n = 65), ADHD with ODD (n = 85), or ADHD with CD (n = 50) were compared using structured diagnostic interviews and parent, teacher, and clinician rating scales. RESULTS: In children with ADHD, significant differences emerged between ODD and CD in the domains of delinquency, overt aggression, and ADHD symptom severity; ADHD with CD was most severe, followed by ADHD with ODD, and ADHD had the least severe symptoms. Distinctions between ADHD with CD and the other two groups were found for parenting, treatment history, and school variables. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of a cross-sectional methodology, results support clinically meaningful distinctions between ODD and CD in children with ADHD.
Impact of traumatic and violent victimization experiences in individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorderNewman, Jennifer M.; Turnbull, Ayme; Berman, Brady A.; Rodrigues, Stephanie; Serper, Mark R. (2010-10-06)Individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SZ) experience more violent victimization and noninterpersonal traumatic experiences than the general population. Earlier studies, however, have generally excluded one or grouped together victimization and trauma experiences into single outcome variables, which may obscure their contributory role to SZ symptoms. This issue is important because there is some evidence that intentionally induced violence produces higher rates of psychopathology than nonintentional traumatic experiences. We examined the independent contribution of both types of victimization experiences on SZ patients' symptomatology. We were also interested in determining whether SZ patients' pattern of acute symptom presentation could discriminate between SZ patients with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) comorbidity. SZ inpatients (n = 70) were assessed for the presence of comorbid PTSD diagnosis, violent victimization, and noninterpersonal traumatic experiences. Patients were also rated on SZ symptom severity and general psychopathology measures. Past violent victimization experiences predicted severity of dysphoria and anxiety in SZ. Past traumatic experiences, however, predicted severity of psychosis. Victimization predicted severity of patients' autistic/cognitive symptoms. SZ patients with comorbid PTSD presented with significantly more anxiety and dysphoria symptoms and SZ illness chronicity than their non-PTSD counterparts. Discriminant function analysis revealed that the severity of positive, dysphoric, autistic/cognitive, and anxiety symptoms differentiated comorbid PTSD patients from their non-PTSD counterparts, with an overall 72.9% classification rate. Past traumatic and victimization experiences are significantly associated with SZ patients' symptom severity and illness course in partially overlapping domains. Use of common assessment strategies may be employed to increase detection of PTSD in SZ patients presenting for acute treatment.