Origin and fate of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-specific CD8+ T cells coexpressing the inhibitory NK cell receptor Ly49G2
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Pathology
Document TypeJournal Article
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Medicine and Health Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractCD8+ T cells that coexpress the inhibitory NK cell receptor, Ly49G2 (G2), are present in immunologically naive C57BL/6 mice but display Ags found on memory T cells. To assess how G2+CD8+ cells relate to bona fide memory cells, we examined the origin and fate of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)-induced G2+CD8+ cells. During early (day 4) acute LCMV infection, both G2+ and G2-CD8+ T cell subsets underwent an attrition in number and displayed an activation (CD69(high)1B11(high)CD62L(low)) phenotype. By day 8, both subsets synthesized IFN-gamma in response to immunodominant LCMV peptides, though the expansion of G2+ cells was less than that of G2- cells. Adoptive transfer experiments with purified G2- or G2+CD8+ cells from naive mice indicated that the LCMV-specific G2+ subset was derived from a pre-existing G2+ population and not generated from G2- cells responding to LCMV infection. Their participation in the LCMV-specific T cell response increased with age, reflecting an increase in the size of the pre-existing G2+ pool. Following establishment of stable LCMV memory, the proportion of CD8+ cells coexpressing G2 was reduced in comparison to naive controls, presumably due to displacement by G2- LCMV-specific memory cells. LCMV-specific G2+ cells were present in the memory pool, but at low frequencies, and they did not exhibit the typical phenotypic changes of reactivation during secondary challenge. We suggest that G2+CD8+ cells represent a cell lineage distinct from bona fide memory T cells, but that they can participate in an acute virus-specific T cell response.
J Immunol. 2004 Jul 1;173(1):478-84.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/38227