Immortalization of human mammary epithelial cells is associated with inactivation of the p14ARF-p53 pathway
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Medicine
Document TypeJournal Article
*Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
Gene Expression Regulation
Mammary Glands, Human
Oncogene Proteins, Viral
Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Medicine and Health Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractInactivation of the ARF-p53 tumor suppressor pathway leads to immortalization of murine fibroblasts. The role of this pathway in immortalization of human epithelial cells is not clear. We analyzed the functionality of the p14(ARF)-p53 pathway in human mammary epithelial cells (MEC) immortalized by human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) E6, the p53 degradation-defective E6 mutant Y54D, or hTERT. E6-MEC or E6Y54D-MEC maintains high-level expression of p14(ARF). Late-passage hTERT-immortalized MEC express p53 but down-regulate p14(ARF). Enforced expression of p14(ARF) induces p53-dependent senescence in hTERT-MEC, while both E6-MEC and E6Y54D-MEC are resistant. We show that E6Y54D inhibits p14(ARF)-induced activation of p53 without inactivation of the p53-dependent DNA damage response. Hence, p53 degradation and inhibition of p14(ARF) signaling to p53 are independent functions of HPV16 E6. Our observations imply that long-term proliferation of MEC requires inactivation of the p14(ARF)-p53 pathway.
SourceMol Cell Biol. 2004 Mar;24(5):2144-52.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/38555
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