The cleaved peptide of the thrombin receptor is a strong platelet agonist
AuthorsFurman, Mark I.
Benoit, Stephen E.
Becker, Richard C.
Barnard, Marc R.
Michelson, Alan D.
Document TypeJournal Article
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Molecular Sequence Data
Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex
Medicine and Health Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThrombin cleaves its G-protein-linked seven-transmembrane domain receptor, thereby releasing a 41-aa peptide and generating a new amino terminus that acts as a tethered ligand for the receptor. Peptides corresponding to the new amino terminal end of the proteolyzed seven-transmembrane domain thrombin receptor [TR42-55, SFLLRNPNDKYEPF, also known as TRAP (thrombin receptor-activating peptide)], previously have been demonstrated to activate the receptor. In this study, we demonstrate that the 41-aa cleaved peptide, TR1-41 (MGPRRLLLVAACFSLCGPLLSARTRARRPESKATNATLDPR) is a strong platelet agonist. TR1-41 induces platelet aggregation. In whole-blood flow cytometric studies, TR1-41 was shown to be more potent than TR42-55 and almost as potent as thrombin, as determined by the degree of increase in: (i) platelet surface expression of P-selectin (reflecting alpha granule secretion); (ii) exposure of the fibrinogen binding site on the glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa complex; and (iii) fibrinogen binding to the activated GPIIb-IIIa complex. As determined by experiments with inhibitors [prostaglandin I2, staurosporine, wortmannin, the endothelium-derived relaxing factor congener S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC), EDTA, EGTA, and genestein], and with Bernard-Soulier or Glanzmann's platelets, we demonstrated that TR1-41-induced platelet activation is: (i) inhibited by cyclic AMP; (ii) mediated by protein kinase C, phosphatidyl inositol-3-kinase, myosin light chain kinase, and intracellular protein tyrosine kinases; (iii) dependent on extracellular calcium; and (iv) independent of the GPIb-IX and GPIIb-IIIa complexes. TR1-41-induced platelet activation was synergistic with TR42-55. In summary, the cleaved peptide of the seven-transmembrane domain TR (TR1-41) is a strong platelet agonist.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 17;95(6):3082-7.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/38962
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Evaluation of platelet function by flow cytometryMichelson, Alan D.; Barnard, Marc R.; Krueger, Lori A.; Frelinger, Andrew L. III; Furman, Mark I. (2000-07-01)Platelet function in whole blood can be comprehensively evaluated by flow cytometry. Flow cytometry can be used to measure platelet reactivity, circulating activated platelets, platelet-platelet aggregates, leukocyte-platelet aggregates, procoagulant platelet-derived microparticles, and calcium flux. Clinical applications of whole blood flow cytometric assays of platelet function in disease states (e.g., acute coronary syndromes, angioplasty, and stroke) may include identification of patients who would benefit from additional antiplatelet therapy and prediction of ischemic events. Circulating monocyte-platelet aggregates appear to be a more sensitive marker of in vivo platelet activation than circulating P-selectin-positive platelets. Flow cytometry can also be used in the following clinical settings: monitoring of GPIIb-IIIa antagonist therapy, diagnosis of inherited deficiencies of platelet surface glycoproteins, diagnosis of storage pool disease, diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, and measurement of the rate of thrombopoiesis.
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