Basal expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear factor-interleukin 6 are dominant and coordinately regulated by interleukin 1 in the pancreatic islet
AuthorsSorli, Christopher H.
Armstrong, Michael B.
Rajotte, Ray V.
Maclouf, Jacques A.
Robertson, R. Paul
UMass Chan AffiliationsDiabetes Center
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
Islets of Langerhans
Promoter Regions (Genetics)
Medicine and Health Sciences
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AbstractThe enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 is constitutive whereas COX-2 is regulated in virtually all tissues. To assess whether this dogma holds true in the pancreatic islet, we examined basal and interleukin (IL)-1-regulated expression of COX-2 in HIT-T15 cells, Syrian hamster and human islets, and other Syrian hamster tissues. We found that COX-2, and not COX-1, gene expression is dominant in pancreatic islet tissue under both basal and IL-1-stimulated conditions. Control tissues (liver, spleen, and kidney) showed the expected predominance of COX-1 gene expression. Basal and IL-1-stimulated prostaglandin E2 synthesis were blocked by a specific COX-2 inhibitor. IL-1 stimulation had a biphasic effect on COX-2 mRNA levels with an initial mild increase at 2-4 hr followed by a more dramatic decrease below basal level by 24 hr. The IL-1-induced increase in COX-2 mRNA levels was accompanied by a parallel increase in NF-kappaB binding to COX-2 promoter elements. The subsequent decrease in COX-2 mRNA levels was accompanied by a parallel decrease in NF-IL-6 binding activity and COX-2 promoter activity. Specific mutation of the NF-IL-6 binding motif within the COX-2 promoter reduced basal promoter activity by 50% whereas mutation of the NF-kappaB motif had no effect. These studies provide documentation of NF-IL-6 in the pancreatic islet and that COX-2, rather than COX-1, is dominantly expressed. They suggest coordinate regulation by IL-1 of COX-2 mRNA, NF-kappaB, and NF-IL-6 and raise the issue of whether intrinsically high levels of COX-2 gene expression predisposes the normal islet for microenvironmentally induced overproduction of islet prostaglandin E2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Feb 17;95(4):1788-93.