Genome-Scale CRISPR Screens Identify Human Pluripotency-Specific Genes
UMass Chan AffiliationsGraduate School of Biomedical Sciences
KeywordsCRISPR genome-wide screening
human pluripotent stem cells
Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
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AbstractHuman pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) generate a variety of disease-relevant cells that can be used to improve the translation of preclinical research. Despite the potential of hPSCs, their use for genetic screening has been limited by technical challenges. We developed a scalable and renewable Cas9 and sgRNA-hPSC library in which loss-of-function mutations can be induced at will. Our inducible mutant hPSC library can be used for multiple genome-wide CRISPR screens in a variety of hPSC-induced cell types. As proof of concept, we performed three screens for regulators of properties fundamental to hPSCs: their ability to self-renew and/or survive (fitness), their inability to survive as single-cell clones, and their capacity to differentiate. We identified the majority of known genes and pathways involved in these processes, as well as a plethora of genes with unidentified roles. This resource will increase the understanding of human development and genetics. This approach will be a powerful tool to identify disease-modifying genes and pathways.
Cell Rep. 2019 Apr 9;27(2):616-630.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.03.043. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/41027
Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.
Rights© 2019 The Author(s). User License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2019 The Author(s). User License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0).