Release of sulfur mustard-modified DNA bases by Escherichia coli 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase II
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Cell Biology
Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Toxicology
Document TypeJournal Article
Medicine and Health Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe toxic effects of sulfur mustard have been attributed to DNA modification with the formation of 7-hydroxyethylthioethyl guanine, 3-hydroxyethylthioethyl adenine and the cross-link, di-(2-guanin-7-yl-ethyl)sulfide. To investigate the action of bacterial 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase II (Gly II) on these adducts, calf thymus DNA was modified with [14C]sulfur mustard and used as a substrate for Gly II. Gly II releases both 3-hydroxyethylthioethyl adenine and 7-hydroxyethylthioethyl guanine from this substrate. In comparison with the activity of Gly II towards methylated DNA, 3-hydroxyethylthioethyl adenine is released somewhat more slowly than 3-methyladenine, while 7-hydroxyethylthioethyl guanine is released much more readily than 7-methylguanine. Glycosylase action may play a role in protecting cells from the toxic effects of sulfur mustard.
Carcinogenesis. 1996 Oct;17(10):2249-52.