Poly(A)-Binding Protein Regulates the Efficiency of Translation Termination
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UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Document TypeJournal Article
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology
Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractMultiple factors influence translation termination efficiency, including nonsense codon identity and immediate context. To determine whether the relative position of a nonsense codon within an open reading frame (ORF) influences termination efficiency, we quantitate the production of prematurely terminated and/or readthrough polypeptides from 26 nonsense alleles of 3 genes expressed in yeast. The accumulation of premature termination products and the extent of readthrough for the respective premature termination codons (PTCs) manifest a marked dependence on PTC proximity to the mRNA 3' end. Premature termination products increase in relative abundance, whereas readthrough efficiencies decrease progressively across different ORFs, and readthrough efficiencies for a PTC increase in response to 3' UTR lengthening. These effects are eliminated and overall translation termination efficiency decreases considerably in cells harboring pab1 mutations. Our results support a critical role for poly(A)-binding protein in the regulation of translation termination and also suggest that inefficient termination is a trigger for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
Wu C, Roy B, He F, Yan K, Jacobson A. Poly(A)-Binding Protein Regulates the Efficiency of Translation Termination. Cell Rep. 2020 Nov 17;33(7):108399. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108399. PMID: 33207198; PMCID: PMC7717110. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/41661
RightsCopyright 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).