A budding yeast model for human disease mutations in the EXOSC2 cap subunit of the RNA exosome complex
AuthorsSterrett, Maria C.
Leung, Sara W.
Strassler, Sarah E.
Lee, Richard S.
Withers, Elise S.
Baker, Richard E.
Basrai, Munira A.
van Hoof, Ambro
Fasken, Milo B.
Corbett, Anita H.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology
Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
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AbstractRNA exosomopathies, a growing family of diseases, are linked to missense mutations in genes encoding structural subunits of the evolutionarily conserved, 10-subunit exoribonuclease complex, the RNA exosome. This complex consists of a three-subunit cap, a six-subunit, barrel-shaped core, and a catalytic base subunit. While a number of mutations in RNA exosome genes cause pontocerebellar hypoplasia, mutations in the cap subunit gene EXOSC2 cause an apparently distinct clinical presentation that has been defined as a novel syndrome SHRF (short stature, hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa, and distinctive facies). We generated the first in vivo model of the SHRF pathogenic amino acid substitutions using budding yeast by modeling pathogenic EXOSC2 missense mutations (p.Gly30Val and p.Gly198Asp) in the orthologous S. cerevisiae gene RRP4 The resulting rrp4 mutant cells show defects in cell growth and RNA exosome function. Consistent with altered RNA exosome function, we detect significant transcriptomic changes in both coding and noncoding RNAs in rrp4-G226D cells that model EXOSC2 p.Gly198Asp, suggesting defects in nuclear surveillance. Biochemical and genetic analyses suggest that the Rrp4 G226D variant subunit shows impaired interactions with key RNA exosome cofactors that modulate the function of the complex. These results provide the first in vivo evidence that pathogenic missense mutations present in EXOSC2 impair the function of the RNA exosome. This study also sets the stage to compare exosomopathy models to understand how defects in RNA exosome function underlie distinct pathologies.
Sterrett MC, Enyenihi L, Leung SW, Hess L, Strassler SE, Farchi D, Lee RS, Withers ES, Kremsky I, Baker RE, Basrai MA, van Hoof A, Fasken MB, Corbett AH. A budding yeast model for human disease mutations in the EXOSC2 cap subunit of the RNA exosome complex. RNA. 2021 Sep;27(9):1046-1067. doi: 10.1261/rna.078618.120. Epub 2021 Jun 23. PMID: 34162742; PMCID: PMC8370739. Link to article on publisher's site