Stability and conformation of the dimeric HIV-1 genomic RNA 5'UTR
AuthorsBlakemore, Robert J.
Munro, James B.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDuring HIV-1 assembly, the viral Gag polyprotein specifically selects the dimeric RNA genome for packaging into new virions. The 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the dimeric genome may adopt a conformation that is optimal for recognition by Gag. Further conformational rearrangement of the 5'UTR, promoted by the nucleocapsid (NC) domain of Gag, is predicted during virus maturation. Two 5'UTR dimer conformations, the kissing dimer (KD) and the extended dimer (ED), have been identified in vitro, which differ in the extent of intermolecular basepairing. Whether 5'UTRs from different HIV-1 strains with distinct sequences have access to the same dimer conformations has not been determined. Here, we applied fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy and single-molecule Forster resonance energy transfer imaging to demonstrate that 5'UTRs from two different HIV-1 subtypes form (KDs) with divergent stabilities. We further show that both 5'UTRs convert to a stable dimer in the presence of the viral NC protein, adopting a conformation consistent with extensive intermolecular contacts. These results support a unified model in which the genomes of diverse HIV-1 strains adopt an ED conformation.
Blakemore RJ, Burnett C, Swanson C, Kharytonchyk S, Telesnitsky A, Munro JB. Stability and conformation of the dimeric HIV-1 genomic RNA 5'UTR. Biophys J. 2021 Nov 2;120(21):4874-4890. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2021.09.017. Epub 2021 Sep 14. PMID: 34529947; PMCID: PMC8595565. Link to article on publisher's site