Gibson, Laura L.
Stern, Lawrence J.
Calvo-Calle, J. Mauricio
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Department of Pediatrics
Department of Pathology
Document TypeJournal Article
Herpesvirus 6, Human
Immunology and Infectious Disease
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractFollowing primary infection, human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) establishes a persistent infection for life. HHV-6 reactivation has been associated with transplant rejection, delayed engraftment, encephalitis, muscular dystrophy, and drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome. The poor understanding of the targets and outcome of the cellular immune response to HHV-6 makes it difficult to outline the role of HHV-6 in human disease. To fill in this gap, we characterized CD4 T cell responses to HHV-6 using peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and T cell lines generated from healthy donors. CD4(+) T cells responding to HHV-6 in peripheral blood were observed at frequencies below 0.1% of total T cells but could be expanded easily in vitro. Analysis of cytokines in supernatants of PBMC and T cell cultures challenged with HHV-6 preparations indicated that gamma interferon (IFN-γ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were appropriate markers of the HHV-6 cellular response. Eleven CD4(+) T cell epitopes, all but one derived from abundant virion components, were identified. The response was highly cross-reactive between HHV-6A and HHV-6B variants. Seven of the CD4(+) T cell epitopes do not share significant homologies with other known human pathogens, including the closely related human viruses human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) tetramers generated with these epitopes were able to detect HHV-6-specific T cell populations. These findings provide a window into the immune response to HHV-6 and provide a basis for tracking HHV-6 cellular immune responses.
SourceJ Virol. 2012 May;86(9):4776-92. Epub 2012 Feb 22. doi: 10.1128/JVI.06573-11
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/43097
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