Data from: Tobacco smoke exposure is an independent predictor of vitamin D deficiency in US children
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UMass Chan AffiliationsDivision of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics
Keywordstobacco smoke exposure
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
Environmental Public Health
Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
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AbstractManuscript abstract: IMPORTANCE: The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children. METHODS: Representative national data were accessed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 databank on 2,263 subjects of ages 3 to 17 years. Subjects were categorized into two groups based on their age: children, ifyears; and youth if 10 to 17 years. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the effect of serum cotinine-verified tobacco smoke exposure on vitamin D status after controlling for key sociodemographic confounders. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D/mL, insufficiency as 25(OH)D of 20-29.9 ng/mL, and sufficiency as 25(OH)D of ≥30 ng/mL. Tobacco smoke exposure status was defined by serum cotinine concentration as follows: unexposed and non-smoking ( RESULTS: The prevalence of second-hand smoke exposure was 42.0% (95%CI, 36.7%-47.5%); while the prevalence of active smoking among teenagers was 9.0% (95%CI, 6.2%-12.5%). Vitamin D deficiency occurred at a frequency of 15.1% in children unexposed to tobacco smoke, 20.9% in children exposed to passive tobacco smoke, and 18.0% among actively smoking youth (p CONCLUSIONS: This analysis of a nationwide database reports that tobacco smoke exposure is an independent predictor of vitamin D deficiency in US children.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/43108
Data collection dates: 2009-2010. Methodology is documented in manuscript.
Funding and AcknowledgementsThe authors received no specific funding for this work.
This dataset is the primary data source for the following published study: Nwosu BU, Kum-Nji P. Tobacco smoke exposure is an independent predictor of vitamin D deficiency in US children. PLoS One. 2018 Oct 8;13(10):e0205342. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205342. eCollection 2018. PubMed PMID: 30296288.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/