Preconditioning ischemia attenuates molecular indices of platelet activation-aggregation
AuthorsLinden, Matthew Dean
Frelinger, Andrew L. III
Barnard, Marc R.
Michelson, Alan D.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Anesthesiology
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Pediatrics
Document TypeJournal Article
Blood Flow Velocity
Disease Models, Animal
*Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that ischemic preconditioning (PC) not only limits infarct size, but also improves arterial patency in models of recurrent thrombosis. We hypothesize that this enhanced patency is presumably because of a PC-induced attenuation of platelet-mediated thrombosis. However, there is, at present, no direct evidence that PC acts on the platelets per se and favorably down-regulates platelet reactivity. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to test the concept that PC ischemia attenuates molecular indices of platelet activation-aggregation. METHODS: Anesthetized dogs were randomly assigned to receive 10 min of PC ischemia followed by 10 min of reperfusion or a time-matched control period. Spontaneous recurrent coronary thrombosis was then initiated in all dogs by injury + stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Coronary flow was monitored for 3 h poststenosis, and molecular indices of platelet activation-aggregation were quantified by whole blood flow cytometry. RESULTS: Coronary patency was, as expected, better-maintained following injury + stenosis in the PC group vs. controls (53% +/- 5%* vs. 23% +/- 5% of baseline flow, respectively; *P andlt; 0.05). Moreover, PC was accompanied by: (i) a significant down-regulation of platelet-fibrinogen binding and formation of neutrophil-platelet aggregates (112% +/- 14%* vs. 177% +/- 21% and 107% +/- 8%* vs. 155% +/- 19% of baseline values in PC vs. control groups); and (ii) a trend towards a reduction in platelet P-selectin expression (148% +/- 12% vs. 190% +/- 21% of baseline; *P andlt; 0.05 and P = 0.09 vs. control). CONCLUSION: These data provide novel, direct evidence in support of the concept that ischemic PC attenuates molecular indices of platelet activation-aggregation.
SourceJ Thromb Haemost. 2006 Dec;4(12):2670-7. Epub 2006 Sep 22. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2006.02228.x
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/43406
Related ResourcesLink to article in PubMed
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Evaluation of platelet function by flow cytometryMichelson, Alan D.; Barnard, Marc R.; Krueger, Lori A.; Frelinger, Andrew L. III; Furman, Mark I. (2000-07-01)Platelet function in whole blood can be comprehensively evaluated by flow cytometry. Flow cytometry can be used to measure platelet reactivity, circulating activated platelets, platelet-platelet aggregates, leukocyte-platelet aggregates, procoagulant platelet-derived microparticles, and calcium flux. Clinical applications of whole blood flow cytometric assays of platelet function in disease states (e.g., acute coronary syndromes, angioplasty, and stroke) may include identification of patients who would benefit from additional antiplatelet therapy and prediction of ischemic events. Circulating monocyte-platelet aggregates appear to be a more sensitive marker of in vivo platelet activation than circulating P-selectin-positive platelets. Flow cytometry can also be used in the following clinical settings: monitoring of GPIIb-IIIa antagonist therapy, diagnosis of inherited deficiencies of platelet surface glycoproteins, diagnosis of storage pool disease, diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, and measurement of the rate of thrombopoiesis.
In vitro testing of fresh and lyophilized reconstituted human and baboon plateletsValeri, C. Robert; Macgregor, Hollace; Barnard, Marc R.; Summaria, L.; Michelson, Alan D.; Ragno, G. (2004-10-01)BACKGROUND: Studies have been performed on human fresh, liquid-preserved, and cryopreserved platelets (PLTs) to assess PLT-adhesive surface receptors, PLT membrane procoagulant activity, PLT aggregation, and thromboxane production. Lyophilization has been developed as a method to preserve PLTs. This study was performed to evaluate these measurements on human and baboon fresh and lyophilized reconstituted PLTs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In both human and baboon fresh and lyophilized PLTs, aggregation response and PLT production of thromboxane A2 were measured after stimulation, and PLT surface markers P-selectin, glycoprotein (GP) Ib, GPIIb-IIIa, and factor (F) V were measured before and after stimulation. RESULTS: Fresh PLTs responded to the dual agonists arachidonic acid and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to aggregate and produce thromboxane A2, and in both the PLT surface markers P-selectin and GPIIb-IIIa increased and GPIb decreased after stimulation. Neither human nor baboon lyophilized reconstituted PLTs aggregated to dual agonists, and neither produced thromboxane A2, increased PLT surface markers P-selectin or GPIIb-IIIa, or decreased PLT GPIb after stimulation. Nevertheless, after recalcification the lyophilized reconstituted PLTs accumulated FV to a significantly greater degree than fresh PLTs. CONCLUSIONS: Lyophilized reconstituted PLTs exhibited modification of the PLT membrane that interfered with aggregation and thromboxane production, prevented increases in PLT P-selectin and GPIIb-IIIa and decreases in GPIb after stimulation, and increased FV accumulation after recalcification. The in vitro data suggest that lyophilized PLTs may have reduced in vivo survival. In vivo studies are needed to determine the survival and function of lyophilized PLTs.