Role of the mixed-lineage protein kinase pathway in the metabolic stress response to obesity
Noh, Yun Hee
Jung, Dae Young
Kim, Jason K.
Davis, Roger J.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes
Program in Molecular Medicine
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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AbstractSaturated free fatty acid (FFA) is implicated in the metabolic response to obesity. In vitro studies indicate that FFA signaling may be mediated by the mixed-lineage protein kinase (MLK) pathway that activates cJun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). Here, we examined the role of the MLK pathway in vivo using a mouse model of diet-induced obesity. The ubiquitously expressed MLK2 and MLK3 protein kinases have partially redundant functions. We therefore compared wild-type and compound mutant mice that lack expression of MLK2 and MLK3. MLK deficiency protected mice against high-fat-diet-induced insulin resistance and obesity. Reduced JNK activation and increased energy expenditure contribute to the metabolic effects of MLK deficiency. These data confirm that the MLK pathway plays a critical role in the metabolic response to obesity.
SourceKant S, Barrett T, Vertii A, Noh YH, Jung DY, Kim JK, Davis RJ. Role of the mixed-lineage protein kinase pathway in the metabolic stress response to obesity. Cell Rep. 2013 Aug 29;4(4):681-8. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.07.019. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44395
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The MKK7 gene encodes a group of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase kinasesTournier, Cathy; Whitmarsh, Alan J.; Cavanagh, Julie; Barrett, Tamera; Davis, Roger J. (1999-01-16)The c-Jun NH2-terminal protein kinase (JNK) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) group and is an essential component of a signaling cascade that is activated by exposure of cells to environmental stress. JNK activation is regulated by phosphorylation on both Thr and Tyr residues by a dual-specificity MAPK kinase (MAPKK). Two MAPKKs, MKK4 and MKK7, have been identified as JNK activators. Genetic studies demonstrate that MKK4 and MKK7 serve nonredundant functions as activators of JNK in vivo. We report here the molecular cloning of the gene that encodes MKK7 and demonstrate that six isoforms are created by alternative splicing to generate a group of protein kinases with three different NH2 termini (alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms) and two different COOH termini (1 and 2 isoforms). The MKK7alpha isoforms lack an NH2-terminal extension that is present in the other MKK7 isoforms. This NH2-terminal extension binds directly to the MKK7 substrate JNK. Comparison of the activities of the MKK7 isoforms demonstrates that the MKK7alpha isoforms exhibit lower activity, but a higher level of inducible fold activation, than the corresponding MKK7beta and MKK7gamma isoforms. Immunofluorescence analysis demonstrates that these MKK7 isoforms are detected in both cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments of cultured cells. The presence of MKK7 in the nucleus was not, however, required for JNK activation in vivo. These data establish that the MKK4 and MKK7 genes encode a group of protein kinases with different biochemical properties that mediate activation of JNK in response to extracellular stimuli.
Role of the JIP4 scaffold protein in the regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathwaysKelkar, Nyaya; Standen, Claire L.; Davis, Roger J. (2005-03-16)The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)-interacting protein (JIP) group of scaffold proteins (JIP1, JIP2, and JIP3) can interact with components of the JNK signaling pathway and potently activate JNK. Here we describe the identification of a fourth member of the JIP family. The primary sequence of JIP4 is most closely related to that of JIP3. Like other members of the JIP family of scaffold proteins, JIP4 binds JNK and also the light chain of the microtubule motor protein kinesin-1. However, the function of JIP4 appears to be markedly different from other JIP proteins. Specifically, JIP4 does not activate JNK signaling. In contrast, JIP4 serves as an activator of the p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway by a mechanism that requires the MAP kinase kinases MKK3 and MKK6. The JIP4 scaffold protein therefore appears to be a new component of the p38 MAP kinase signaling pathway.
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