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dc.contributor.authorSylvestre, Marie-Pierre
dc.contributor.authorHanusaik, Nancy
dc.contributor.authorBerger, David
dc.contributor.authorDugas, Erika
dc.contributor.authorPbert, Lori
dc.contributor.authorWinickoff, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorO'Loughlin, Jennifer L.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:19.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:03:52Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:03:52Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-01
dc.date.submitted2018-10-24
dc.identifier.citation<p>Pediatrics. 2018 Nov;142(5). pii: e20173701. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3701. Epub 2018 Oct 1. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-3701">Link to article on publisher's site</a></p>
dc.identifier.issn0031-4005 (Linking)
dc.identifier.doi10.1542/peds.2017-3701
dc.identifier.pmid30275237
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44517
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a prognostic tool to identify adolescents at risk for transitioning from never to ever smoking in the next year. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens study, a longitudinal investigation of adolescents (1999 to present). A total of 1294 students initially age 12 to 13 years were recruited from seventh-grade classes in 10 high schools in Montreal. Self-report questionnaire data were collected every 3 months during the 10-month school year over 5 years (1999-2005) until participants completed high school (n = 20 cycles). Prognostic variables for inclusion in the multivariable analyses were selected from 58 candidate predictors describing sociodemographic characteristics, smoking habits of family and friends, lifestyle factors, personality traits, and mental health. Cigarette smoking initiation was defined as taking even 1 puff on a cigarette for the first time, as measured in a 3-month recall of cigarette use completed in each cycle. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of cigarette smoking initiation was 16.3%. Data were partitioned into a training set for model-building and a testing set to evaluate the performance of the model. The final model included 12 variables (age, 4 worry or stress-related items, 1 depression-related item, 2 self-esteem items, and 4 alcohol- or tobacco-related variables). The model yielded a c-statistic of 0.77 and had good calibration. CONCLUSIONS: This short prognostic tool, which can be incorporated into busy clinical practice, was used to accurately identify adolescents at risk for cigarette smoking initiation.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<p><a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=30275237&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a></p>
dc.relation.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-3701
dc.subjectSubstance Use
dc.subjectSmoking
dc.subjectPreventive Medicine
dc.subjectBehavioral Medicine
dc.subjectBehavior and Behavior Mechanisms
dc.subjectCommunity Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subjectPediatrics
dc.subjectPreventive Medicine
dc.subjectPublic Health Education and Promotion
dc.subjectSubstance Abuse and Addiction
dc.titleA Tool to Identify Adolescents at Risk of Cigarette Smoking Initiation
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitlePediatrics
dc.source.volume142
dc.source.issue5
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/prc_pubs/107
dc.identifier.contextkey13153403
html.description.abstract<p>OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a prognostic tool to identify adolescents at risk for transitioning from never to ever smoking in the next year.</p> <p>METHODS: Data were drawn from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens study, a longitudinal investigation of adolescents (1999 to present). A total of 1294 students initially age 12 to 13 years were recruited from seventh-grade classes in 10 high schools in Montreal. Self-report questionnaire data were collected every 3 months during the 10-month school year over 5 years (1999-2005) until participants completed high school (n = 20 cycles). Prognostic variables for inclusion in the multivariable analyses were selected from 58 candidate predictors describing sociodemographic characteristics, smoking habits of family and friends, lifestyle factors, personality traits, and mental health. Cigarette smoking initiation was defined as taking even 1 puff on a cigarette for the first time, as measured in a 3-month recall of cigarette use completed in each cycle.</p> <p>RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of cigarette smoking initiation was 16.3%. Data were partitioned into a training set for model-building and a testing set to evaluate the performance of the model. The final model included 12 variables (age, 4 worry or stress-related items, 1 depression-related item, 2 self-esteem items, and 4 alcohol- or tobacco-related variables). The model yielded a c-statistic of 0.77 and had good calibration.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: This short prognostic tool, which can be incorporated into busy clinical practice, was used to accurately identify adolescents at risk for cigarette smoking initiation.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathprc_pubs/107
dc.contributor.departmentUMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
dc.contributor.departmentCenter for Tobacco Treatment Research and Training
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Quantitative Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
dc.source.pagese20173701


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