A Systems-Level Approach to Improving Medication Adherence in Hypertensive Latinos: a Randomized Control Trial
de la Calle, Franzenith
Rosal, Milagros C.
UMass Chan AffiliationsUMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Document TypeJournal Article
Community Health and Preventive Medicine
Health Services Administration
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Despite numerous interventions targeting medication adherence in patients with uncontrolled hypertension, practice-based trials in Latino patients are scant. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a systems-level adherence intervention, delivered by medical assistants (MAs), versus a comparison condition on medication adherence and blood pressure (BP) in 119 hypertensive Latino patients who were initially non-adherent to their antihypertensive medications. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (50% women; mean age, 61 years) were recruited from April 2013 to August 2015 in a community-based practice in New York. INTERVENTION: Systems-level approach that included an office system component built into the electronic health record and a provider support component consisting of nine MA-delivered health coaching sessions for improving medication adherence. The comparison group received the standard health coaching procedures followed at the clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was rate of medication adherence measured by an electronic monitoring device (EMD) across 6 months. The secondary outcomes were self-reported medication adherence measured by the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) and BP reduction from baseline to 6 months. KEY RESULTS: Adherence as measure by EMD worsened for both groups (p = 0.04) with no between-group difference (- 9.6% intervention and - 6.6% control, p = 0.66). While systolic BP improved in both groups, the difference between groups was not significant (- 6 mmHg in intervention vs. - 2.7 mmHg in control, p = 0.34). In contrast, the intervention group had a greater improvement in self-reported adherence (mean change 1.98 vs. 1.26, p = 0.03) when measured using the MMAS-8. CONCLUSIONS: Among Latinos with poorly controlled BP who were non-adherent to their antihypertensive medications, a systems-level intervention did not improve adherence as measured by EMD nor blood pressure. However, many patients reported challenges to using the EMD. Improvements in self-reported adherence suggest that this measure captures different aspects of adherence behavior than EMD. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03560596.
J Gen Intern Med. 2019 Oct 17. doi:10.1007/s11606-019-05419-3. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44553