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dc.contributor.authorMa, Yunsheng
dc.contributor.authorGoins, Karin V
dc.contributor.authorPbert, Lori
dc.contributor.authorOckene, Judith K.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:20.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:04:39Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:04:39Z
dc.date.issued2005-12-01
dc.date.submitted2008-01-15
dc.identifier.citationMatern Child Health J. 2005 Dec;9(4):393-402. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-005-0020-8">Link to article on publisher's site</a>
dc.identifier.issn1092-7875 (Print)
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10995-005-0020-8
dc.identifier.pmid16220356
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44679
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with smoking status of low-income women during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: Data from a randomized clinical trial were used to conduct separate analyses on 327 women who smoked at baseline (time at enrollment) and for whom smoking status was available at delivery, and on 109 women who reported not smoking at delivery (quit spontaneously or after study enrollment) and for whom smoking status was available at 6-months postpartum. Salivary cotinine was used to assess the accuracy of self-reported smoking status for the sample as a whole. Data were collected between May 1997 and November 2000. RESULTS: 18% of the 327 baseline smokers stopped smoking before delivery. Cessation was less likely in older women, those reporting Medicaid coverage (vs. commercial or no insurance), who were at a later week of pregnancy at baseline, were more addicted, had a husband/partner who smoked, and did not receive the study intervention. 37% of the 109 women who reported not smoking at delivery maintained abstinence at 6-months postpartum. Factors associated with abstinence were later week of pregnancy at baseline and quitting spontaneously with pregnancy, while women who lived with a smoker were less likely to report abstinence. Spontaneous quitters were less likely to relapse by 6 months postpartum than women who quit smoking later in pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Partner participation in smoking cessation programs for pregnant and postpartum women merits exploration. Lower relapse rates among spontaneous quitters indicate a need to foster an environment that encourages quitting at pregnancy.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=16220356&dopt=Abstract ">Link to article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-005-0020-8
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectBoston
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectInterviews as Topic
dc.subject*Postpartum Period
dc.subject*Poverty
dc.subjectPregnancy
dc.subject*Smoking Cessation
dc.subjectBehavioral Disciplines and Activities
dc.subjectBehavior and Behavior Mechanisms
dc.subjectCommunity Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subjectPreventive Medicine
dc.subjectWomen's Health
dc.titlePredictors of smoking cessation in pregnancy and maintenance postpartum in low-income women
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleMaternal and child health journal
dc.source.volume9
dc.source.issue4
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/prevbeh_pp/10
dc.identifier.contextkey413082
html.description.abstract<p>OBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with smoking status of low-income women during pregnancy and postpartum.</p> <p>METHODS: Data from a randomized clinical trial were used to conduct separate analyses on 327 women who smoked at baseline (time at enrollment) and for whom smoking status was available at delivery, and on 109 women who reported not smoking at delivery (quit spontaneously or after study enrollment) and for whom smoking status was available at 6-months postpartum. Salivary cotinine was used to assess the accuracy of self-reported smoking status for the sample as a whole. Data were collected between May 1997 and November 2000.</p> <p>RESULTS: 18% of the 327 baseline smokers stopped smoking before delivery. Cessation was less likely in older women, those reporting Medicaid coverage (vs. commercial or no insurance), who were at a later week of pregnancy at baseline, were more addicted, had a husband/partner who smoked, and did not receive the study intervention. 37% of the 109 women who reported not smoking at delivery maintained abstinence at 6-months postpartum. Factors associated with abstinence were later week of pregnancy at baseline and quitting spontaneously with pregnancy, while women who lived with a smoker were less likely to report abstinence. Spontaneous quitters were less likely to relapse by 6 months postpartum than women who quit smoking later in pregnancy.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: Partner participation in smoking cessation programs for pregnant and postpartum women merits exploration. Lower relapse rates among spontaneous quitters indicate a need to foster an environment that encourages quitting at pregnancy.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathprevbeh_pp/10
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
dc.source.pages393-402


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