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dc.contributor.authorStrauman, Timothy J.
dc.contributor.authorWoods, Teresa E.
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Kristin L.
dc.contributor.authorKwapil, Lori
dc.contributor.authorCoe, Christopher L.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:20.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:04:44Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:04:44Z
dc.date.issued2004-08-28
dc.date.submitted2010-08-09
dc.identifier.citationBrain Behav Immun. 2004 Nov;18(6):544-54. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2004.01.003">Link to article on publisher's site</a>
dc.identifier.issn0889-1591 (Linking)
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.bbi.2004.01.003
dc.identifier.pmid15331125
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44699
dc.description.abstractInducing depressed and anxious individuals to write about their personal goals decreases natural killer (NK) cell activity, revealing a psychobiological pathway whereby experiences of failure can influence health (Strauman et al., 1993). However, it is unclear whether similar effects also occur in non-distressed individuals. This study used the same writing task to examine the acute physiological effects of presenting idiographic success and failure feedback by priming self-congruencies or self-discrepancies on three occasions (including a control condition). Blood samples were collected after each writing session to determine NK activity, and the number and type of lymphocytes in circulation were enumerated to help explain the cytolytic changes. The two self-relevant priming conditions were associated with significant alterations in immunity, and the high self-discrepant participants were more responsive. Both self-congruent (success) and self-discrepant (failure) priming induced significant shifts in mood, which partially mediated immune alterations but did not account for them completely. If repeated and sustained over time, incidental activation of self-discrepancies and self-congruencies could account for individual variation in immune responses.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=15331125&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2004.01.003
dc.subject*Achievement
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectAnalysis of Variance
dc.subjectCognition
dc.subjectEmotions
dc.subjectFeedback, Psychological
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectKiller Cells, Natural
dc.subjectPsychoneuroimmunology
dc.subjectReference Values
dc.subject*Self Concept
dc.subjectSocial Control, Informal
dc.subjectStress, Physiological
dc.subjectVerbal Behavior
dc.subjectBehavioral Disciplines and Activities
dc.subjectBehavior and Behavior Mechanisms
dc.subjectCommunity Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subjectPreventive Medicine
dc.titleSelf-regulatory cognition and immune reactivity: idiographic success and failure feedback effects on the natural killer cell
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleBrain, behavior, and immunity
dc.source.volume18
dc.source.issue6
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/prevbeh_pp/118
dc.identifier.contextkey1431883
html.description.abstract<p>Inducing depressed and anxious individuals to write about their personal goals decreases natural killer (NK) cell activity, revealing a psychobiological pathway whereby experiences of failure can influence health (Strauman et al., 1993). However, it is unclear whether similar effects also occur in non-distressed individuals. This study used the same writing task to examine the acute physiological effects of presenting idiographic success and failure feedback by priming self-congruencies or self-discrepancies on three occasions (including a control condition). Blood samples were collected after each writing session to determine NK activity, and the number and type of lymphocytes in circulation were enumerated to help explain the cytolytic changes. The two self-relevant priming conditions were associated with significant alterations in immunity, and the high self-discrepant participants were more responsive. Both self-congruent (success) and self-discrepant (failure) priming induced significant shifts in mood, which partially mediated immune alterations but did not account for them completely. If repeated and sustained over time, incidental activation of self-discrepancies and self-congruencies could account for individual variation in immune responses.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathprevbeh_pp/118
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
dc.source.pages544-54


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