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dc.contributor.authorKabat-Zinn, Jon
dc.contributor.authorMassion, Ann O.
dc.contributor.authorKristeller, Jean L.
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, Linda Gay
dc.contributor.authorFletcher, Kenneth E.
dc.contributor.authorPbert, Lori
dc.contributor.authorLenderking, William R.
dc.contributor.authorSantorelli, Saki F.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:20.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:04:48Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:04:48Z
dc.date.issued1992-07-01
dc.date.submitted2011-09-08
dc.identifier.citationAm J Psychiatry. 1992 Jul;149(7):936-43. <a href="http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/149/7/936">Link to article on publisher's website</a>
dc.identifier.issn0002-953X (Linking)
dc.identifier.pmid1609875
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44713
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of a group stress reduction program based on mindfulness meditation for patients with anxiety disorders. METHOD: The 22 study participants were screened with a structured clinical interview and found to meet the DSM-III-R criteria for generalized anxiety disorder or panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Assessments, including self-ratings and therapists' ratings, were obtained weekly before and during the meditation-based stress reduction and relaxation program and monthly during the 3-month follow-up period. RESULTS: Repeated measures analyses of variance documented significant reductions in anxiety and depression scores after treatment for 20 of the subjects--changes that were maintained at follow-up. The number of subjects experiencing panic symptoms was also substantially reduced. A comparison of the study subjects with a group of nonstudy participants in the program who met the initial screening criteria for entry into the study showed that both groups achieved similar reductions in anxiety scores on the SCL-90-R and on the Medical Symptom Checklist, suggesting generalizability of the study findings. CONCLUSIONS: A group mindfulness meditation training program can effectively reduce symptoms of anxiety and panic and can help maintain these reductions in patients with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or panic disorder with agoraphobia.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=1609875&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/149/7/936
dc.subjectAgoraphobia
dc.subjectAmbulatory Care
dc.subjectAnxiety Disorders
dc.subjectAwareness
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectFollow-Up Studies
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectPanic Disorder
dc.subjectPersonality Inventory
dc.subjectPilot Projects
dc.subjectProspective Studies
dc.subjectPsychiatric Status Rating Scales
dc.subject*Relaxation Therapy
dc.subjectTreatment Outcome
dc.subjectBehavioral Disciplines and Activities
dc.subjectBehavior and Behavior Mechanisms
dc.subjectCommunity Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subjectPreventive Medicine
dc.titleEffectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleThe American journal of psychiatry
dc.source.volume149
dc.source.issue7
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/prevbeh_pp/134
dc.identifier.contextkey2225184
html.description.abstract<p>OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of a group stress reduction program based on mindfulness meditation for patients with anxiety disorders.</p> <p>METHOD: The 22 study participants were screened with a structured clinical interview and found to meet the DSM-III-R criteria for generalized anxiety disorder or panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Assessments, including self-ratings and therapists' ratings, were obtained weekly before and during the meditation-based stress reduction and relaxation program and monthly during the 3-month follow-up period.</p> <p>RESULTS: Repeated measures analyses of variance documented significant reductions in anxiety and depression scores after treatment for 20 of the subjects--changes that were maintained at follow-up. The number of subjects experiencing panic symptoms was also substantially reduced. A comparison of the study subjects with a group of nonstudy participants in the program who met the initial screening criteria for entry into the study showed that both groups achieved similar reductions in anxiety scores on the SCL-90-R and on the Medical Symptom Checklist, suggesting generalizability of the study findings.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: A group mindfulness meditation training program can effectively reduce symptoms of anxiety and panic and can help maintain these reductions in patients with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or panic disorder with agoraphobia.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathprevbeh_pp/134
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
dc.source.pages936-43


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