AuthorsHolahan, Charles J.
North, Rebecca J.
Holahan, Carole K.
Hayes, Rashelle B.
Powers, Daniel A.
Ockene, Judith K.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Document TypeJournal Article
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
Community Health and Preventive Medicine
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the role of 2 types of social influence-general social support and living with a smoker-on smoking behavior among middle-aged and older women in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study. Participants were postmenopausal women who reported smoking at some time in their lives (N = 37,027), who were an average age of 63.3 years at baseline. Analyses used multiple logistic regression and controlled for age, educational level, and ethnicity. In cross-sectional analyses, social support was associated with a lower likelihood and living with a smoker was associated with a higher likelihood of being a current smoker and, among smokers, of being a heavier smoker. Moreover, in prospective analyses among baseline smokers, social support predicted a higher likelihood and living with a smoker predicted a lower likelihood of smoking cessation 1-year later. Further, in prospective analyses among former smokers who were not smoking at baseline, social support predicted a lower likelihood and living with a smoker predicted a higher likelihood of smoking relapse 1-year later. Overall, the present results indicate that social influences are important correlates of smoking status, smoking level, smoking cessation, and smoking relapse among middle-aged and older women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
SourcePsychol Addict Behav. 2011 Oct 17. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/44794
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The contribution of school environmental factors to individual and school variation in disordered weight control behaviors in a statewide sample of middle schoolsAustin, S. Bryn; Richmond, Tracy K.; Spadano-Gasbarro, Jennifer L.; Greaney, Mary L.; Blood, Emily A.; Walls, Courtney E.; Wang, Monica L.; Mezgebu, Solomon; Osganian, Stavroula K.; Peterson, Karen E. (2013-02-19)We investigated the contribution of school environmental factors to individual and school variation in disordered weight control behaviors (DWCB). Analyses were based on self-report data gathered from 18,567 middle-school students in 2005 and publicly available data on school characteristics. We observed large differences across schools in percent of students engaging in DWCB in the past month, ranging from less than 1% of the student body to 12%. School-neighborhood poverty was associated with higher odds of DWCB in boys. Preventive strategies need to account for wide variability across schools and environmental factors that may contribute to DWCB in early adolescence.
Delay discounting and intake of ready-to-eat and away-from-home foods in overweight and obese womenAppelhans, Bradley M.; Waring, Molly E.; Schneider, Kristin L.; Pagoto, Sherry L.; DeBiasse, Michele A.; Whited, Matthew C.; Lynch, Elizabeth B. (2012-10-01)A shift from home-prepared to away-from-home and ready-to-eat foods has occurred in recent decades, which has implications for obesity and health. This study tested whether delay discounting, a facet of impulsivity reflecting sensitivity to immediate reward, is associated with the frequency of consumption and typical amount consumed of home-prepared, away-from-home, and ready-to-eat foods among overweight and obese women. Seventy-eight participants completed a binary choice task assessing discounting of delayed monetary rewards. Nutrient analysis of weighed food records characterized dietary intake over seven consecutive days. Foods were categorized as home-prepared, away-from-home, or ready-to-eat by a registered dietitian from information provided by participants. Delay discounting was not associated with the frequency of consuming home-prepared, away-from-home, and ready-to-eat foods as reflected in the percentages of recorded foods or total energy intake from each category. However, once consuming away-from-home and ready-to-eat foods (but not home-prepared foods), impulsive women consumed more energy than less impulsive women. Exploratory analyses indicated that more impulsive women chose away-from-home foods with a higher energy density (kcal/g). Impulsivity was associated with the quantity of away-from-home and ready-to-eat foods consumed, but not the frequency of their consumption. Home food preparation may be critical to weight control for impulsive individuals.
The Impact of Worksite Weight-Related Social Norms on Associated BehaviorsLemon, Stephenie C.; Liu, Qin; Magner, Robert P.; Schneider, Kristin L.; Pbert, Lori (2011-09-01)Objective: To assess the association between descriptive social norms for weight and weight-related behaviors and associated behaviors at the worksite. Design and Sample: Baseline data from site-randomized trial of a worksite ecological intervention for weight control; 12 public high schools in central Massachusetts; Sample of 844 employees enrolled (~ 2/3 of all employees). Conclusions: Associations of weight loss and eating social norms with behavior; Unique from social support; No association of physical activity social norms with physical activity; May be little opportunity for and therefore little exposure to physical activity during the workday; Results support the development of weight loss interventions that address social norms for weight loss and eating behaviors at work.