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dc.contributor.authorTorres Stone, Rosalie A.
dc.contributor.authorWhitbeck, Les B.
dc.contributor.authorChen, Xiaojin
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Kurt
dc.contributor.authorOlson, Debbie M.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:23.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:06:36Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:06:36Z
dc.date.issued2006-03-28
dc.date.submitted2010-12-06
dc.identifier.citationJ Stud Alcohol. 2006 Mar;67(2):236-44. <a href="http://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Traditional_Practices_Traditional_Spirituality_and_Alcohol_Cessation_Amon/894.html">Link to article on publisher's site</a>
dc.identifier.issn0096-882X (Linking)
dc.identifier.pmid16562405
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/45135
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: The detrimental effects of alcohol misuse and dependence are well documented as an important public-health issue among American Indian adults. This preponderance of problem-centered research, however, has eclipsed some important resilience factors associated with life course patterns of American Indian alcohol use. In this study, we investigate the influence of enculturation, and each of the three component dimensions (traditional practices, traditional spirituality, and cultural identity) to provide a stringent evaluation of the specific mechanisms through which traditional culture affects alcohol cessation among American Indians. METHOD: These data were collected as part of a 3-year lagged sequential study currently underway on four American Indian reservations in the upper Midwest and five Canadian First Nation reserves. The sample consisted of 980 Native American adults, with 71% women and 29% men who are parents or guardians of youth ages 10-12 years old. Logistic regression was used to assess the unique contribution of the indicators of alcohol cessation. Excluding adults who had no lifetime alcohol use, the total sample size for present analysis is 732 adult respondents. RESULTS: The findings show that older adults, women, and married adults were more likely to have quit using alcohol. When we examined the individual components of enculturation, two of the three components (participation in traditional activities and traditional spirituality) had significantly positive effects on alcohol cessation. CONCLUSIONS: Although our findings provide empirical evidence that traditional practices and traditional spirituality play an important role in alcohol cessation, the data are cross-sectional and therefore do not indicate direction of effects. Longitudinal studies are warranted, in light of the work that concludes that cultural/spiritual issues may be more important in maintaining sobriety once it is established rather than initiating it.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=16562405&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.jsad.com/jsad/article/Traditional_Practices_Traditional_Spirituality_and_Alcohol_Cessation_Amon/894.html
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectAged
dc.subjectAlcoholism
dc.subjectCanada
dc.subjectCultural Characteristics
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectFollow-Up Studies
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectIndians, North American
dc.subjectLife Change Events
dc.subjectLife Style
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectMidwestern United States
dc.subjectModels, Statistical
dc.subjectRecurrence
dc.subjectRetreatment
dc.subjectSocial Identification
dc.subject*Spirituality
dc.subjectTemperance
dc.subjectHealth Services Research
dc.subjectMental and Social Health
dc.subjectPsychiatric and Mental Health
dc.subjectPsychiatry
dc.subjectPsychiatry and Psychology
dc.titleTraditional practices, traditional spirituality, and alcohol cessation among American Indians
dc.typeArticle
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of studies on alcohol
dc.source.volume67
dc.source.issue2
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_cmhsr/241
dc.identifier.contextkey1672917
html.description.abstract<p>OBJECTIVE: The detrimental effects of alcohol misuse and dependence are well documented as an important public-health issue among American Indian adults. This preponderance of problem-centered research, however, has eclipsed some important resilience factors associated with life course patterns of American Indian alcohol use. In this study, we investigate the influence of enculturation, and each of the three component dimensions (traditional practices, traditional spirituality, and cultural identity) to provide a stringent evaluation of the specific mechanisms through which traditional culture affects alcohol cessation among American Indians.</p> <p>METHOD: These data were collected as part of a 3-year lagged sequential study currently underway on four American Indian reservations in the upper Midwest and five Canadian First Nation reserves. The sample consisted of 980 Native American adults, with 71% women and 29% men who are parents or guardians of youth ages 10-12 years old. Logistic regression was used to assess the unique contribution of the indicators of alcohol cessation. Excluding adults who had no lifetime alcohol use, the total sample size for present analysis is 732 adult respondents.</p> <p>RESULTS: The findings show that older adults, women, and married adults were more likely to have quit using alcohol. When we examined the individual components of enculturation, two of the three components (participation in traditional activities and traditional spirituality) had significantly positive effects on alcohol cessation.</p> <p>CONCLUSIONS: Although our findings provide empirical evidence that traditional practices and traditional spirituality play an important role in alcohol cessation, the data are cross-sectional and therefore do not indicate direction of effects. Longitudinal studies are warranted, in light of the work that concludes that cultural/spiritual issues may be more important in maintaining sobriety once it is established rather than initiating it.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathpsych_cmhsr/241
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry
dc.source.pages236-44


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