Posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Department of Psychiatry
Document TypeBook Chapter
Health Status Indicators
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Health Services Research
Mental and Social Health
Psychiatric and Mental Health
Psychiatry and Psychology
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAlthough traumatic events, such as combat and physical or sexual assault, are most often associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995), a growing body of research indicates that PTSD can occur in individuals with a wide range of life-threatening illnesses (Buckley, Green, & Schnurr, 2004; Tedstone & Tarrier, 2003). The prevalence of PTSD for such medical conditions as myocardial infarction (MI), HIV, or cancer is lower than the prevalence associated with traumatic stressors such as combat or sexual assault, but PTSD can develop in a significant percentage of individuals who experience a life-threatening illness (Tedstone & Tarrier, 2003). In this chapter, we review research on the occurrence of PTSD in adults with cardiac disease. Investigators have been interested in this issue because, for some individuals, the onset of an acute cardiac event shares many features of traumatic events, such as combat or sexual assault. We begin by presenting a description of PTSD and then review research on its occurrence in adults with cardiac disease. This research focuses largely on individuals who have experienced an MI or undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). There have also been a few reports of PTSD in individuals who have survived cardiac arrest. We then examine findings regarding the course of PTSD and risk factors for its development, and we close with a discussion of future research directions and implications for clinical practice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
Doerfler, L. A., & Paraskos, J. A. (2011). Posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery. In R. Allen & J. Fisher (Eds.) Heart & mind: The evolution of cardiac psychology (p. 249 – 268). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. DOI 10.1037/13086-010
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/45448
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A Public Health Framework for the State Mental Health Authority: A Call for Action by Massachusetts Consumers and Family MembersDelman, Jonathan (2006-01-01)During the Spring of 2006, Consumer Quality Initiatives (CQI) conducted 20 focus groups across the state, 12 with adults with mental illness, 3 with parents of youth with serious emotional disorder, 2 with youth with SED, 1 with family members of adult consumers, and 2 with youth in transition. Supported by a contract with Massachusetts Department of Mental Health (DMH), the goal was to assist DMH in framing the criteria for its upcoming reprocurement. Our findings reveal a frustration with an approach to health care delivery that focuses primarily on the provision of psychiatric care (egs, medication, therapy, hospitalization). We reviewed the focus group reports to identify the most significant themes, which clustered within eight broad categories.
Policy Brief: Addressing Social Determinants of Health through Community Health Workers: A Call to ActionLondon, Katharine; Damio, Grace; Ferrazo, Meredith; Perez-Escamalla, Rafael; Wiggins, Noelle (2018-01-30)This technical report was compiled by the Hispanic Health Council in partnership with Southwestern AHEC and a panel of Community Health Worker Policy Research Experts which included our Katharine London from the Center for Health Law and Economics. The report offers a number of policy recommendations for community health workers for communities that might benefit from community-based services. The report offers recommendations on; payment of community health workers; community health worker caseloads; community health worker recruitment; community health worker training; reflective and trauma-informed mentoring and supportive supervision of community health workers; integration of community health workers into care teams; documenting the effect of community heal worker services on social determination of health. The Hispanic Health Council believes a service design that effectively supports community health workers would incorporate the seven areas of policy recommendation included in this report.
Making the Case for Sustainable Funding for Community Health Worker Services: Talking to Payers and ProvidersLondon, Katharine (2018-01-27)In this presentation, Katharine London of the Center for Health Law and Economics makes her case for offering sustainable funding for community health worker services. Research has shown community health workers can have a distinct impact on health systems, helping them improve population health and contain costs, while also promoting health equity and community engagement. This presentation was designed to assist CHWs and other advocates in engaging with policymakers and payers to support CHW sustainability and develop a financial plan for their CHW work. It was presented as part of a CHW Sustainability event held at the Families USA’s annual conference, Health Action 2018: Staying Strong for America’s Families, in Washington, DC. See Katharine London's blog post on payment delivery methods for community health workers here.