Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBauer, Michael
dc.contributor.authorGlenn, Tasha
dc.contributor.authorGrof, Paul
dc.contributor.authorRasgon, Natalie L.
dc.contributor.authorMarsh, Wendy K.
dc.contributor.authorSagduyu, Kemal
dc.contributor.authorAlda, Martin
dc.contributor.authorLewitzka, Ute
dc.contributor.authorSasse, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorKozuch-Krolik, Eliza
dc.contributor.authorWhybrow, Peter C.
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:28.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:10:29Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:10:29Z
dc.date.issued2009-07-01
dc.date.submitted2013-02-06
dc.identifier.citationSoc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2009 Jul;44(7):515-22. doi: 10.1007/s00127-008-0464-4. <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0464-4" target="_blank">Link to article on publisher's site</a>
dc.identifier.issn0933-7954 (Linking)
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00127-008-0464-4
dc.identifier.pmid19011720
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/46058
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: This study investigated the frequency of episodes and subsyndromal symptoms based on employment status in patients with bipolar disorder. METHODS: Patients with bipolar disorder (n = 281) provided daily self-reported mood ratings for 5 months, returning 46,292 days of data. Data were analyzed using three employment status groups: disabled (n = 75), full-time employee or full-time student (n = 135), and other (n = 71). Demographic characteristics were compared by employment status. A univariate general linear model with employment status and other demographic variables as fixed factors and covariates was used to analyze the percent of days in episodes and percent of days with subsyndromal symptoms. RESULTS: While there was no significant difference in the percent of days in episodes among the employment groups, disabled patients suffered subsyndromal symptoms of depression twice as frequently as those in the full-time group. Disabled patients spent 15% more days either in episodes or with subsyndromal symptoms than those in the full-time group, equivalent to about 45 extra sick days a year. CONCLUSION: Frequent subsyndromal symptoms, especially depressive, may preclude full-time responsibilities outside the home and contribute to disability in bipolar disorder. Additional treatments to reduce the frequency of subsyndromal symptoms are needed.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=19011720&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0464-4
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectBipolar Disorder
dc.subjectCost of Illness
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
dc.subjectDisabled Persons
dc.subjectEmployment
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHealth Status
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectPersonality Inventory
dc.subjectPsychiatric Status Rating Scales
dc.subjectPsychometrics
dc.subjectQuestionnaires
dc.subjectSeverity of Illness Index
dc.subjectSick Leave
dc.subjectMental and Social Health
dc.subjectPsychiatry
dc.subjectPsychiatry and Psychology
dc.titleFrequency of subsyndromal symptoms and employment status in patients with bipolar disorder
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleSocial psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
dc.source.volume44
dc.source.issue7
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/psych_pp/589
dc.identifier.contextkey3660323
html.description.abstract<p>OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the frequency of episodes and subsyndromal symptoms based on employment status in patients with bipolar disorder.</p> <p>METHODS: Patients with bipolar disorder (n = 281) provided daily self-reported mood ratings for 5 months, returning 46,292 days of data. Data were analyzed using three employment status groups: disabled (n = 75), full-time employee or full-time student (n = 135), and other (n = 71). Demographic characteristics were compared by employment status. A univariate general linear model with employment status and other demographic variables as fixed factors and covariates was used to analyze the percent of days in episodes and percent of days with subsyndromal symptoms.</p> <p>RESULTS: While there was no significant difference in the percent of days in episodes among the employment groups, disabled patients suffered subsyndromal symptoms of depression twice as frequently as those in the full-time group. Disabled patients spent 15% more days either in episodes or with subsyndromal symptoms than those in the full-time group, equivalent to about 45 extra sick days a year.</p> <p>CONCLUSION: Frequent subsyndromal symptoms, especially depressive, may preclude full-time responsibilities outside the home and contribute to disability in bipolar disorder. Additional treatments to reduce the frequency of subsyndromal symptoms are needed.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathpsych_pp/589
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry
dc.source.pages515-22


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record