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dc.contributor.authorLewis, Cora E.
dc.contributor.authorJacobs, David R.
dc.contributor.authorMcCreath, Heather
dc.contributor.authorKiefe, Catarina I.
dc.contributor.authorSchreiner, Pamela J.
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Delia E.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, O. Dale
dc.date2022-08-11T08:10:35.000
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-23T17:13:29Z
dc.date.available2022-08-23T17:13:29Z
dc.date.issued2000-07-25
dc.date.submitted2010-04-27
dc.identifier.citationAm J Epidemiol. 2000 Jun 15;151(12):1172-81.
dc.identifier.issn0002-9262 (Linking)
dc.identifier.pmid10905529
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/46740
dc.description.abstractThe prevalence of obesity increased in the United States through the 1980s. The authors examined 10-year aging and secular (time-related) trends in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort for indications of whether these trends are continuing and for ages of peak weight gain in young adults. CARDIA is a population-based, prospective study of 5,115 African-American and White men and women aged 18-30 years at baseline. Body weight and overweight prevalence were measured at five time points from 1985-1986 to 1995-1996. Linear, mixed-model regression was used to partition weight gain into that due to secular trends and that due to aging. Prevalence of overweight (body mass index (BMI) > or = 25.0 kg/m2) increased markedly, and prevalence of severe obesity (BMI > or = 40.0 kg/m2) doubled in all race-sex groups. Each race-sex group experienced significant secular weight gains, ranging from 0.96 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 79, 1.13) in African-American women to 0.55 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 0.41, 0.69) in White women. Significant secular gains were present during each follow-up period. Each race-sex group also experienced significant weight increases related to aging during their early to midtwenties. Secular trends for weight gain are continuing in CARDIA, but the magnitude of weight gain differed among the four race-sex groups.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=10905529&dopt=Abstract">Link to Article in PubMed</a>
dc.relation.urlhttp://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/151/12/1172
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectAfrican Continental Ancestry Group
dc.subjectEuropean Continental Ancestry Group
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHeart Diseases
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectIncidence
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectObesity
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.subjectProspective Studies
dc.subjectRegression Analysis
dc.subjectRisk Assessment
dc.subject*Weight Gain
dc.subjectWomen's Health
dc.subjectBioinformatics
dc.subjectBiostatistics
dc.subjectEpidemiology
dc.subjectHealth Services Research
dc.titleWeight gain continues in the 1990s: 10-year trends in weight and overweight from the CARDIA study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.source.journaltitleAmerican journal of epidemiology
dc.source.volume151
dc.source.issue12
dc.identifier.legacycoverpagehttps://escholarship.umassmed.edu/qhs_pp/120
dc.identifier.contextkey1287865
html.description.abstract<p>The prevalence of obesity increased in the United States through the 1980s. The authors examined 10-year aging and secular (time-related) trends in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort for indications of whether these trends are continuing and for ages of peak weight gain in young adults. CARDIA is a population-based, prospective study of 5,115 African-American and White men and women aged 18-30 years at baseline. Body weight and overweight prevalence were measured at five time points from 1985-1986 to 1995-1996. Linear, mixed-model regression was used to partition weight gain into that due to secular trends and that due to aging. Prevalence of overweight (body mass index (BMI) > or = 25.0 kg/m2) increased markedly, and prevalence of severe obesity (BMI > or = 40.0 kg/m2) doubled in all race-sex groups. Each race-sex group experienced significant secular weight gains, ranging from 0.96 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 79, 1.13) in African-American women to 0.55 kg/year (95% confidence interval: 0.41, 0.69) in White women. Significant secular gains were present during each follow-up period. Each race-sex group also experienced significant weight increases related to aging during their early to midtwenties. Secular trends for weight gain are continuing in CARDIA, but the magnitude of weight gain differed among the four race-sex groups.</p>
dc.identifier.submissionpathqhs_pp/120
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Quantitative Health Sciences
dc.source.pages1172-81


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