Gender and the Balance of Parenting and Professional Life among Gynecology Subspecialists
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AuthorsHill, Emily K.
Clark, Melissa A.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Quantitative Health Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
Gynecologic surgical subspecialties
Gender and Sexuality
Health Services Research
Obstetrics and Gynecology
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AbstractSTUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the parenting and career patterns of female and male gynecology subspecialists. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Survey administered electronically in February 2015 to physician members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and the American Urogynecologic Society. PARTICIPANTS: All physician members of the 3 national gynecology subspecialty organizations listed above. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: There were 75 questions in 4 domains: demographics, mentoring issues, work-life balance, and caregiving responsibilities. Data were analyzed for survey sampling weights. Six hundred seventy-seven physicians completed the survey, 62% of whom were women (n=420; 20.2% response rate). Sixty-four percent were aged 36 to 55 years. Eighty-two percent of respondents had at least 1 child, and men had more children than women (42% of men had 3 or more children compared with 20% of women, p < .0001). Thirty-seven percent of women reported that career plans affected the decision to become a parent somewhat or very much compared with 23% of men (p=.0006). Eighty-three percent of women believed career affected the timing of becoming a parent somewhat or very much compared with 48% of men (p < .0001). In addition, 76% of female physicians perceived that having children decreased their academic productivity compared with 54% of male physicians (p < .0001). Most men and women believed having children had no effect or increased their clinical performance (76% and 65%, respectively), but this was significantly lower in women (p=.01). CONCLUSION: Female gynecology subspecialists perceive that their career impacted decisions on parenting more frequently than their male counterparts. They were also more likely than men to report that having children had a negative impact on academic and, to a lesser extent, clinical performance. Increased support for combining childbirth and parenting with training and academic careers is needed.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2018 Oct 30. pii: S1553-4650(18)31341-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2018.10.020. [Epub ahead of print] Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/46777