Shared Medication PLanning In (SIMPLIfy) Home Hospice: An Educational Program to Enable Goal-Concordant Prescribing In Home Hospice
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences
potentially inappropriate medication
Health Services Administration
Health Services Research
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AbstractCONTEXT: Simplifying medication regimens by tapering and/or withdrawing unnecessary drugs is important to optimize quality of life and safety for patients with serious illness. Few resources are available to educate clinicians, patients and family caregivers about this process. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an educational program called Shared Medication PLanning In (SIMPLIfy) Home Hospice. METHODS: An environmental scan identified a state-of-the-art educational program for home hospice deprescribing that we adapted using a stakeholder panel engagement process. The stakeholder panel (two hospice administrators, three nurses, two physicians, two pharmacists, and two former family caregivers) drawn from two geographically diverse hospice agencies reviewed the educational program and recommended additional content. RESULTS: Iterative rounds of review and feedback resulted in: 1) a three-part clinician educational program (total duration = 1.5 hour) that presents a standardized, goal-concordant, medication review approach to align medications and conversations about regimen simplification with patient and family caregiver goals of care; 2) a patient-family caregiver medication management educational notebook that presents common symptoms, hospice medications, and medication regimen simplification principles; and 3) a brief guide including helpful phrases to use as conversation starters for key steps in the program. A professional designer created thematic coherence for all materials that was well received by stakeholder panelists and hospice staff. CONCLUSION: Educational materials can support hospice programs' and clinicians' efforts to implement goal-concordant medication simplification that optimizes end-of-life outcomes for patients and family caregivers. Evaluation of outcomes including medication appropriateness and family caregiver medication administration burden are not yet available.
Tjia J, Clayton MF, Fromme EK, McPherson ML, DeSanto-Madeya S. Shared Medication PLanning In (SIMPLIfy) Home Hospice: An Educational Program to Enable Goal-Concordant Prescribing In Home Hospice. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2021 Nov;62(5):1092-1099. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.05.015. Epub 2021 Jun 5. PMID: 34098012; PMCID: PMC8556298. Link to article on publisher's site