Pilot study of the characteristics of acute stroke events in patients discharged from the Carolina University Hospital, Puerto Rico in 2007
AuthorsZevallos, Juan Carlos
Garcia, Ana Michelle
Yarzebski, Jorge L.
Document TypeJournal Article
Aged, 80 and over
Emergency Service, Hospital
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Transportation of Patients
Health Services Research
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Stroke is the third leading cause of death in Puerto Rico. We examined the pre-hospital phase, management and case-fatality-rates (CFR) of patients discharged with acute stroke from the Carolina University of Puerto Rico Hospital during 2007. METHODS: Trained personnel collected information on demographics, delay-time, mode-of-transportation, management, and mortality from all medical records. STATAa was utilized to conduct univariate comparison of demographics, mode-of-transportation, therapeutics and diagnostic characteristics. Logistic regression analysis assessed cohort effect and controlled for confounders. RESULTS: The average age was 69.1 years, and 53% were males. The average delay between onset of symptoms suggestive of stroke and arrival at the emergency department was 4.5 hours. Only 62% of patients utilized Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Intravenous thrombolysis was not administered. Stroke mortality increased with age. Ischemic vs. hemorrhagic CFR was significantly higher (63.9% vs. 36.10%; p = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the potential benefit of evidence-based therapeutics and EMS use among stroke patients.
SourceBol Asoc Med P R. 2009 Jul-Sep;101(3):11-3. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/47642
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed
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