Emergent Endovascular Management of Long-Segment and Flow-Limiting Carotid Artery Dissections in Acute Ischemic Stroke Intervention with Multiple Tandem Stents
AuthorsAnsari, S. A.
Kuhn, Anna L.
Honarmand, A. R.
Hurley, M. C.
Potts, M. B.
Jahromi, B. S.
Gounis, Matthew J.
Wakhloo, Ajay K.
Puri, Ajit S.
UMass Chan AffiliationsNew England Center for Stroke Research
Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroimaging and Intervention
Document TypeJournal Article
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although most cervical dissections are managed medically, emergent endovascular treatment may become necessary in the presence of intracranial large-vessel occlusions, flow-limiting and long-segment dissections with impending occlusion, and/or hypoperfusion-related ischemia at risk of infarction. We investigated the role of emergent endovascular stenting of long-segment carotid dissections in the acute ischemic stroke setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied long-segment carotid dissections requiring stent reconstruction with multiple tandem stents (>/=3 stents) and presenting with acute (<12>hours) ischemic stroke symptoms (NIHSS score, >/=4). We analyzed patient demographics, vascular risk factors, clinical presentations, imaging/angiographic findings, technical procedures/complications, and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (mean age, 51.5 years) with acute ischemic stroke (mean NIHSS score, 15) underwent endovascular stent reconstruction for vessel and/or ischemic tissue salvage. All carotid dissections presented with >70% flow limiting stenosis and involved the distal cervical ICA with a minimum length of 3.5 cm. Carotid stent reconstruction was successful in all patients with no residual stenosis or flow limitation. Nine patients (60%) harbored intracranial occlusions, and 6 patients (40%) required intra-arterial thrombolysis/thrombectomy, achieving 100% TICI 2b-3 reperfusion. Two procedural complications were limited to thromboembolic infarcts from in-stent thrombus and asymptomatic hemorrhagic infarct transformation (7% morbidity, 0% mortality). Angiographic and ultrasound follow-up confirmed normal carotid caliber and stent patency, with 2 cases of <20% in-stent stenosis. Early clinical improvement resulted in a mean discharge NIHSS score of 6, and 9/15 (60%) patients achieved a 90-day mRS of
SourceAJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Jan;38(1):97-104. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A4965. Epub 2016 Nov 10. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/48104
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