Comparing two TAG-72 binding peptides previously identified by phage display as potential imaging agents
Hnatowich, Donald J.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine
Document TypeJournal Article
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Molecular Sequence Data
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAIM: To evaluate the targeting property in vitro and in vivo of two tumor-associated glycoprotein 72 (TAG-72) binding peptides, previously identified in this laboratory by phage selection using different elution conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peptides GGVSCMQTSPVCENNL (A2-6) and NPGTCKDKWEICLLNGG (A3-10) were radiolabeled with technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) using N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-S-acetyl-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (NHS-MAG(3)) as a chelator or were biotinylated. The specificity of the two peptides for the TAG-72 positive LS-174T cancer cells was demonstrated in vitro both by flow cytometry analysis using the biotinylated peptides and by competitive binding using the (99m)Tc-labeled peptides. The in-vivo biodistributions of the peptides were evaluated in TAG-72 positive LS-174T tumor-bearing mice by small-animal single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging. RESULTS: As evidence of specific binding, both peptides showed a significant increase in percentage binding with increasing peptide concentration by flow cytometry analysis to LS-174T cells, but not to TAG-72 negative HT-29 cells. The (99m)Tc-labeled A2-6 peptide bound LS-174T cells with an inhibition constant at 50% of 46.5 nmol/l compared with 420 nmol/l for the A3-10 peptide. In mice, accumulation of both peptides was highest in kidneys and gallbladder. Tumors were clearly visible by single photon emission computed tomography imaging for both (99m)Tc-labeled peptides through 60 min, although the tumor accumulation was higher for the A3-10 peptide. CONCLUSION: The A3-10 peptide, with lower, yet reasonable binding affinity compared with the A2-6 peptide, showed sufficiently favorable specific binding and tumor accumulation to be considered further as a potential imaging agent for TAG-72 positive cancers.
SourceNucl Med Commun. 2011 Oct;32(10):920-4. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0b013e328348fc64. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/48330
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed
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Identification of a high affinity TAG-72 binding peptide by phage display selectionXiao, Nan; Cheng, Dengfeng; Wang, Yi; Chen, Ling; Liu, Xinrong; Dou, Shuping; Liu, Guozheng; Liang, Min Min; Hnatowich, Donald J.; Rusckowski, Mary (2011-01-01)PURPOSE: Phage display was used to select novel peptides that specifically bind the TAG-72 antigen and with properties suitable for imaging TAG-72 positive cancers. RESULTS: After three rounds of selection against TAG-72 and using two different elution conditions including a long elution, the consensus sequences FRERCDKHPQKCTKFL and DPRHCQKRVLPCPAWL were expressed on phages G3-15 and T3-15 respectively. ELISA, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and fluorescence microscopy provided evidence that both phages specifically bound TAG-72 in vitro. Both peptides are stable in 37oC serum. By a cell binding competition assay, the IC50 for T3-15 was measured as 0.29 nM and therefore 36-fold higher affinity than G3-15 at 10.32 nM. The biodistribution in mice carrying LS-174T tumors in one thigh were similar for both 99mTc-peptides at 30 min, but at 90 min the 99mTc-T3-15 peptide accumulated almost three times higher in the tumor. The SPECT/CT images were consistent with the biodistribution results. PROCEDURES: The f88-4/Cys6 phage library and two different elution conditions were used to identify two new higher affinity binding peptides for the TAG-72 antigen. One, was a single brief elution with pH 2.2 glycine buffer, and the second began with the glycine elution but was followed with a longer elution with Tris buffered saline (TBS) at pH 7.4. The phages that bound TAG-72 were evaluated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis using TAG-72 positive LS-174T cells and confirmed by immunofluorescence imaging. The consensus peptides displayed on the selected phages were synthesized and conjugated with NHS-MAG3 for radiolabeling with 99mTc. The IC50 for TAG-72 binding was evaluated by cell binding competition in vitro while binding affinity was evaluated in vivo by necropsy and SPECT/CT imaging in a tumor mouse model. CONCLUSION: We have identified a peptide with a sub nanomolar inhibition constant for the TAG-72 antigen that may have application in cancer imaging.
A new TAG-72 cancer marker peptide identified by phage displayChen, Ling; Wang, Yi; Liu, Xinrong; Dou, Shuping; Liu, Guozheng; Hnatowich, Donald J.; Rusckowski, Mary (2008-12-08)Radiolabeled peptides as markers of cancer targets have demonstrated their value in diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy. The 16 mer f88-4/Cys6 phage display library was applied to affinity purified TAG-72 and three consensus peptides were identified: VHHSCTKLTHCCQNWH (A2-13), GGVSCMQTSPVCENNL (A2-6) and TKRDCSAQNYGCQKAI (A2-11). The A2-13 and A2-6 phages showed the highest percent binding to LS-174T cells by flow cytometry and were 3-fold higher than a control phage, while fluorescence microscopy showed that both A2-6 and A2-13 phages bound to the LS-174T cell membrane. However, only the A2-6 phage demonstrated specificity by low binding to the TAG-72 negative cell HT-29. Furthermore, the synthesized free A2-6 peptide demonstrated specific binding to LS-174T cells by flow cytometry and by immunohistochemical staining of xenograft tumor compared to normal colon. These data indicate that the A2-6 peptide is specific for the TAG-72 cancer target.
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