Regiospecificity of aminoglycoside phosphotransferase from Enterococci and Staphylococci (APH(3')-IIIa)
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Document TypeJournal Article
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Molecular Sequence Data
Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
Spectrometry, Mass, Secondary Ion
Enzymes and Coenzymes
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe broad-spectrum aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, APH(3')-IIIa, confers resistance to several aminoglycoside antibiotics in opportunistic pathogens of the genera Staphylococcus and Enterococcus. The profile of the drug resistance phenotype suggested that the enzyme would transfer a phosphate group from ATP to the 3'-hydroxyl of aminoglycosides. In addition, resistance to the 3'-deoxyaminoglycoside antibiotic, lividomycin A, suggested possible transfer to the 5"-hydroxyl of the ribose [Trieu-Cuot, P., and Courvalin, P. (1983) Gene 23, 331-341]. Using purified overexpressed enzyme, we have prepared and purified the products of APH(3')-IIIa-dependent phosphorylation of several of aminoglycoside antibiotics. Mass spectral analysis revealed that 4,6-disubstituted aminocyclitol antibiotics such as amikacin and kanamycin are monophosphorylated, while 4,5-disubstituted aminoglycosides such as butirosin A, ribostamycin, and neomycin B are both mono- and diphosphorylated by APH(3')-IIIa. Using a series of one- and two-dimensional 1H, 13C, and 31P NMR experiments, we have unambiguously assigned the regiospecificity of phosphoryl transfer to several antibiotics. The 4,6-disubstituted aminocyclitol antibiotics are exclusively phosphorylated at the 3'-OH hydroxyl, and the 4,5-disubstituted aminocyclitol antibiotics can be phosphorylated at both the 3'- and 5"-hydroxyls. The first phosphorylation can occur on either the 3'- or 5"-hydroxyl group of neomycin B or butirosin A. Initial phosphotransfer to the 3'-position predominates for butirosin while the 5"-OH is favored for neomycin. These results open the potential for the rational design of aminoglycoside kinase inhibitors based on functionalization of either the 6-aminohexose or the pentose rings of aminoglycoside antibiotics.
SourceBiochemistry. 1996 Jul 2;35(26):8686-95. Link to article on publisher's site
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/50094
At the time of publication, Paul Thompson was not yet affiliated with UMass Medical School.
Related ResourcesLink to Article in PubMed