Bioimpedance-Based Heart Failure Deterioration Prediction Using a Prototype Fluid Accumulation Vest-Mobile Phone Dyad: An Observational Study
AuthorsDarling, Chad E.
Saczynski, Jane S.
Sert Kuniyoshi, Fatima
Meyer, Theo E.
McManus, David D.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Document TypeJournal Article
Translational Medical Research
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Recurrent heart failure (HF) events are common in patients discharged after acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). New patient-centered technologies are needed to aid in detecting HF decompensation. Transthoracic bioimpedance noninvasively measures pulmonary fluid retention. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to (1) determine whether transthoracic bioimpedance can be measured daily with a novel, noninvasive, wearable fluid accumulation vest (FAV) and transmitted using a mobile phone and (2) establish whether an automated algorithm analyzing daily thoracic bioimpedance values would predict recurrent HF events. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients admitted for ADHF. Participants were trained to use a FAV-mobile phone dyad and asked to transmit bioimpedance measurements for 45 consecutive days. We examined the performance of an algorithm analyzing changes in transthoracic bioimpedance as a predictor of HF events (HF readmission, diuretic uptitration) over a 75-day follow-up. RESULTS: We observed 64 HF events (18 HF readmissions and 46 diuretic uptitrations) in the 106 participants (67 years; 63.2%, 67/106, male; 48.1%, 51/106, with prior HF) who completed follow-up. History of HF was the only clinical or laboratory factor related to recurrent HF events (P=.04). Among study participants with sufficient FAV data (n=57), an algorithm analyzing thoracic bioimpedance showed 87% sensitivity (95% CI 82-92), 70% specificity (95% CI 68-72), and 72% accuracy (95% CI 70-74) for identifying recurrent HF events. CONCLUSIONS: Patients discharged after ADHF can measure and transmit daily transthoracic bioimpedance using a FAV-mobile phone dyad. Algorithms analyzing thoracic bioimpedance may help identify patients at risk for recurrent HF events after hospital discharge. Sert Kuniyoshi, Joseph Rock, Theo E Meyer, David D McManus. Originally published in JMIR Cardio (http://cardio.jmir.org), 13.03.2017.
Darling CE, Dovancescu S, Saczynski JS, Riistama J, Sert Kuniyoshi F, Rock J, Meyer TE, McManus DD. Bioimpedance-Based Heart Failure Deterioration Prediction Using a Prototype Fluid Accumulation Vest-Mobile Phone Dyad: An Observational Study. JMIR Cardio. 2017 Mar 13;1(1):e1. doi: 10.2196/cardio.6057. PMID: 31758769; PMCID: PMC6832026. Link to article on publisher's site