Interaction and functional cooperation of PEBP2/CBF with Smads. Synergistic induction of the immunoglobulin germline Calpha promoter
Chen, L. F.
Kim, W. Y.
Guo, W. H.
Shi, M. J.
UMass Chan AffiliationsDepartment of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Keywords*Activin Receptors, Type I
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Promoter Regions (Genetics)
Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
Transcription Factor AP-2
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Medicine and Health Sciences
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AbstractSmads are signal transducers for members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Upon ligand stimulation, receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) are phosphorylated by serine/threonine kinase receptors, form complexes with common-partner Smad, and translocate into the nucleus, where they regulate the transcription of target genes together with other transcription factors. Polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2/core binding factor (PEBP2/CBF) is a transcription factor complex composed of alpha and beta subunits. The alpha subunits of PEBP2/CBF, which contain the highly conserved Runt domain, play essential roles in hematopoiesis and osteogenesis. Here we show that three mammalian alpha subunits of PEBP2/CBF form complexes with R-Smads that act in TGF-beta/activin pathways as well as those acting in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathways. Among them, PEBP2alphaC/CBFA3/AML2 forms a complex with Smad3 and stimulates transcription of the germline Ig Calpha promoter in a cooperative manner, for which binding of both factors to their specific binding sites is essential. PEBP2 may thus be a nuclear target of TGF-beta/BMP signaling.
J Biol Chem. 1999 Oct 29;274(44):31577-82.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/50668
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