A Systematic Review of the Adherence to Home-Practice Meditation Exercises in Patients with Chronic Pain
Chambel, Maria José
Document TypeJournal Article
third wave psychotherapy
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AbstractMindfulness-, compassion-, and acceptance-based (i.e., "third wave") psychotherapies are effective for treating chronic pain conditions. Many of these programs require that patients engage in the systematic home practice of meditation experiences so they can develop meditation skills. This systematic review aimed at evaluating the frequency, duration, and effects of home practice in patients with chronic pain undergoing a "third wave" psychotherapy. A comprehensive database search for quantitative studies was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Sciences Core Collection; 31 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The reviewed studies tended to indicate a pattern of moderately frequent practice (around four days/week), with very high variability in terms of time invested; most studies observed significant associations between the amount of practice and positive health outcomes. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy were the most common interventions and presented low levels of adherence to home practice (39.6% of the recommended time). Some studies were conducted on samples of adolescents, who practiced very few minutes, and a few tested eHealth interventions with heterogeneous adherence levels. In conclusion, some adaptations may be required so that patients with chronic pain can engage more easily and, thus, effectively in home meditation practices.
SourceBarceló-Soler A, Morillo-Sarto H, Fernández-Martínez S, Monreal-Bartolomé A, Chambel MJ, Gardiner P, López-Del-Hoyo Y, García-Campayo J, Pérez-Aranda A. A Systematic Review of the Adherence to Home-Practice Meditation Exercises in Patients with Chronic Pain. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Mar 2;20(5):4438. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054438. PMID: 36901448; PMCID: PMC10001876.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/52029
RightsCopyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).; Attribution 4.0 International
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).; Attribution 4.0 International