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dc.contributor.authorRyan, Grace W
dc.contributor.authorAskelson, Natoshia M
dc.contributor.authorWoodworth, Kate R
dc.contributor.authorLindley, Megan C
dc.contributor.authorGedlinske, Amber
dc.contributor.authorParker, Andrew M
dc.contributor.authorGidengil, Courtney A
dc.contributor.authorPetersen, Christine A
dc.contributor.authorScherer, Aaron M
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-28T18:32:41Z
dc.date.available2023-07-28T18:32:41Z
dc.date.issued2023-07-03
dc.identifier.citationRyan GW, Askelson NM, Woodworth KR, Lindley MC, Gedlinske A, Parker AM, Gidengil CA, Petersen CA, Scherer AM. Unvaccinated Adolescents' COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions: Implications for Public Health Messaging. J Adolesc Health. 2023 Jul 3:S1054-139X(23)00282-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.05.023. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37395695.en_US
dc.identifier.eissn1879-1972
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.05.023en_US
dc.identifier.pmid37395695
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/52357
dc.description.abstractPurpose: COVID-19 vaccine uptake remains low for US adolescents and contributes to excess morbidity and mortality. Most research has assessed parental intention to vaccinate their children. We explored differences between vaccine-acceptant and vaccine-hesitant unvaccinated US adolescents using national survey data. Methods: A nonprobability, quota-based sample of adolescents, aged 13-17 years, was recruited through an online survey panel in April 2021. One thousand nine hundred twenty seven adolescents were screened for participation and the final sample included 985 responses. We assessed responses from unvaccinated adolescents (n = 831). Our primary measure was COVID-19 vaccination intent ("vaccine-acceptant" defined as "definitely will" get a COVID-19 vaccine and any other response classified as "vaccine-hesitant") and secondary measures included reasons for intending or not intending to get vaccinated and trusted sources of COVID-19 vaccine information. We calculated descriptive statistics and chi-square tests to explore differences between vaccine-acceptant and vaccine-hesitant adolescents. Results: Most (n = 831; 70.9%) adolescents were hesitant, with more hesitancy observed among adolescents with low levels of concern about COVID-19 and high levels of concern about side effects of COVID-19 vaccination. Among vaccine-hesitant adolescents, reasons for not intending to get vaccinated included waiting for safety data and having parents who would make the vaccination decision. Vaccine-hesitant adolescents had a lower number of trusted information sources than vaccine-acceptant adolescents. Discussion: Differences identified between vaccine-acceptant and vaccine-hesitant adolescents can inform message content and dissemination. Messages should include accurate, age-appropriate information about side effects and risks of COVID-19 infection. Prioritizing dissemination of these messages through family members, state and local government officials, and healthcare providers may be most effective.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Adolescent Healthen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.05.023en_US
dc.rightsCopyright 2023 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectCOVID-19 vaccinationen_US
dc.subjectSurvey researchen_US
dc.subjectVaccine communicationen_US
dc.subjectVaccine intentionsen_US
dc.titleUnvaccinated Adolescents' COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions: Implications for Public Health Messagingen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.source.journaltitleThe Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
dc.source.countryUnited States
dc.source.countryUnited States
dc.identifier.journalThe Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
refterms.dateFOA2023-07-28T18:32:42Z
dc.contributor.departmentPopulation and Quantitative Health Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPrevention Research Center


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Copyright 2023 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright 2023 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).