Anxiety and Depression Among US Nursing Home Residents with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Student AuthorsSeun Osundolire
Academic ProgramClinical and Population Health Research
UMass Chan AffiliationsMorningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
Population and Quantitative Health Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is highly prevalent among nursing home residents; however, few studies have focused on the psychological impact of this clinically significant condition on nursing home residents. Objective: We examine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, anxiety and depression in nursing home residents with COPD. Methods: Using the US 2018 Minimum Dataset (MDS), we conducted a cross-sectional study among 239,615 residents aged ≥50 years old in US Medicare/Medicaid certified nursing homes with COPD. Anxiety and depression were diagnosed based on clinical diagnoses, physical examination findings, and treatment orders. Multivariable adjusted Poisson models with a generalized estimating equations approach account for the clustering among residents within nursing homes. Results: The average age of the study population was 79 years (SD: 10.6), 62.0% were women, and 43.7% had five or more comorbid conditions. In this population, 37.2% had anxiety, 57.6% had depression, and 27.5% had both mental health conditions. Women, current tobacco users, persons 50-64 years old, those who reported having moderate or severe pain, and nursing home residents with multimorbidity were more likely to have anxiety or depression than respective comparison groups. Conclusion: Anxiety and depression are common among US nursing home residents with COPD. Women, medically complex patients, and those who report having moderate-to-severe pain appear to be more likely to have anxiety and depression. Clinical teams should be aware of these findings when managing nursing home residents with COPD and use various nonpharmacological and medical interventions for the effective management of anxiety and depression. Longitudinal studies evaluating how anxiety and depression affect the management of COPD and related outcomes, and how best to improve the quality of life of nursing home residents with COPD, are warranted.
SourceOsundolire S, Goldberg RJ, Lapane KL. Anxiety and Depression Among US Nursing Home Residents with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2023 Aug 28;18:1867-1882. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S417449. PMID: 37662488; PMCID: PMC10473093.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/52620
Funding and AcknowledgementsDr Osundolire was funded by a training grant from the National Institutes of Health grants to (T32HL120823). This research was supported in part by a research grant to Dr Lapane (R01AG071692).
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