Document TypeJournal Article
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AbstractThe study of innate immunity and its link to inflammation and host defense encompasses diverse areas of biology, ranging from genetics and biophysics to signal transduction and physiology. Central to our understanding of these events are the Toll-like receptors (TLRs), an evolutionarily ancient family of pattern recognition receptors. Herein, we describe the mechanisms and consequences of TLR-mediated signal transduction with a focus on themes identified in the TLR pathways that also explain the operation of other immune signaling pathways. These themes include the detection of conserved microbial structures to identify infectious agents and the use of supramolecular organizing centers (SMOCs) as signaling organelles that ensure digital cellular responses. Further themes include mechanisms of inducible gene expression, the coordination of gene regulation and metabolism, and the influence of these activities on adaptive immunity. Studies in these areas have informed the development of next-generation therapeutics, thus ensuring a bright future for research in this area.
SourceFitzgerald KA, Kagan JC. Toll-like Receptors and the Control of Immunity. Cell. 2020 Mar 19;180(6):1044-1066. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.02.041. Epub 2020 Mar 11. PMID: 32164908; PMCID: PMC9358771.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/52636
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