A single neuron in C. elegans orchestrates multiple motor outputs through parallel modes of transmission
Baker, Casey M
Gomes, Matthew A
Byrne, Alexandra B
Flavell, Steven W
Document TypeJournal Article
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AbstractAnimals generate a wide range of highly coordinated motor outputs, which allows them to execute purposeful behaviors. Individual neurons in the circuits that generate behaviors have a remarkable capacity for flexibility as they exhibit multiple axonal projections, transmitter systems, and modes of neural activity. How these multi-functional properties of neurons enable the generation of adaptive behaviors remains unknown. Here, we show that the HSN neuron in C. elegans evokes multiple motor programs over different timescales to enable a suite of behavioral changes during egg laying. Using HSN activity perturbations and in vivo calcium imaging, we show that HSN acutely increases egg laying and locomotion while also biasing the animals toward low-speed dwelling behavior over minutes. The acute effects of HSN on egg laying and high-speed locomotion are mediated by separate sets of HSN transmitters and different HSN axonal compartments. The long-lasting effects on dwelling are mediated in part by HSN release of serotonin, which is taken up and re-released by NSM, another serotonergic neuron class that directly evokes dwelling. Our results show how the multi-functional properties of a single neuron allow it to induce a coordinated suite of behaviors and also reveal that neurons can borrow serotonin from one another to control behavior.
SourceHuang YC, Luo J, Huang W, Baker CM, Gomes MA, Meng B, Byrne AB, Flavell SW. A single neuron in C. elegans orchestrates multiple motor outputs through parallel modes of transmission. Curr Biol. 2023 Sep 21:S0960-9822(23)01168-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.08.088. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37769660.
Permanent Link to this Itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14038/52639
RightsCopyright 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).; Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).